Showing auditable output within the logic of the system and its measures becomes the requirement; no-one is simply trusted to be doing valuable work. We have proliferated within the university, sometimes with and sometimes without external pressure, many mechanisms of surveillance and reporting under the rubric of accountability. In my view many are Potemkin devices of no substantive worth, but they institutionalize distrust of staff, while adding to the time pressure in academic jobs.
The most striking sign of performativity is the obsessive quantification of research output, both individual and institutional. We are seeing right now a startling proliferation of journals, peer-reviewed so they meet the audit requirements, which exist essentially to lengthen c. A very large proportion of papers submitted to existing journals are unreflective repetitions of existing research designs. This is also true of a large proportion of PhD theses, under the pressure of funding-driven time limits and formulaic controls.
For researchers to stop and think deeply about what they are doing, perhaps feeling their way towards a new paradigm, would be unwise: if you did that for two or three years in this university, you would become liable for the sack. In neoliberal theory, competition drives innovation; so market-savvy universities make large claims to be innovative. In fact, in all sectors of education, competition and auditing drives standardization of curricula and pedagogy, a convergence on the market leader.
Standardized curricula are needed with a large casualized workforce to make the job of teaching-on-the-run practicable. Our sessional teachers do not have time or support for serious curriculum innovation. External auditing e. Australian universities are losing control of their curriculum and the logic of neoliberalism is that we will lose more. Three effects of the neoliberal regime in the realm of knowledge most concern me — and should be considered by anyone concerned with the foundations of the university curriculum in the contemporary system of knowledge.
First is the reproduction of global dependency. We are positioned in global as well as local markets, and the global market leaders are Harvard, Columbia, Cambridge and their peers. Their curricula serve as the gold standard. Australian universities were created as colonial institutions, and Australian academic life remains markedly extraverted Hountondji Local intellectual cultures are undermined, and the potential wealth of global diversity in knowledge formation is shrunk to a single hierarchy of centrality and marginality.
Second is the entrenchment of social hierarchies in knowledge production and circulation. Access to the means of producing knowledge is also concentrated — one measure is the institutional distribution of ARC grants, another is the scale of our casual teaching workforce, not resourced for research despite being trained for it. The rise of Intellectual Property regimes under neoliberalism creates fences around knowledge itself. But it happened through neoliberal mechanisms that undermined the democratic potential of social investment in higher education. Rather than opening out the knowledge system in participatory ways, our power-holders have systematically fenced and stratified the republic of knowledge to the point where there is no popular ownership of science or humane knowledge.
Third, and perhaps most serious, is the impact of market logic on our relation with truth. Research workers in all our fields know how hard it actually is to establish truth. This is not a responsibility one can take lightly, and it is contradicted by the public presentation of a fantasy university. When I walk down Eastern Avenue and see my university hanging up vainglorious banners saying how wonderful we are, my heart sinks.
Marketing logic has pushed Australian universities like others to invent selling points and halo effects, an imaginary world of breakthroughs and great minds and blue-sky payoffs. To be blunt, it pushes universities into a realm of calculated misrepresentation that is hard to distinguish from lying. And in conclusion… The purpose of this paper is to invite a discussion of issues that are fundamental to the future of the university.
To invite this, of course, is to assume that there are alternatives worth talking about. Neoliberalism is the dominant policy logic in our world. One can of course embrace it, as the Vice-Chancellor at Melbourne has recently done with evident joy. But it is not the only possible logic, and there is more than one way to respond to the neoliberal pressures that exist. Neoliberal policymaking, once brutal, now prefers to govern indirectly, through regimes of incentives and disincentives. The rewards and costs are real, and reckoning with those regimes is inevitable.
But in doing so we are not obliged to treat staff ruthlessly, we do not have to construct fantasies about ourselves, we need not defer to Harvard, and we need not pretend to be BHP . Modern intellectual labour involves complex forms of cooperation requiring trust and reciprocity; it involves both a critical and affirmative relationship with existing knowledge, so the process is cumulative and educative; and it is inherently unpredictable and open-ended, therefore in an important sense ungovernable.
Shaping institutions to foster and support such labour by students as well as staff is not easy, but it is a task worth our intelligence and commitment. It will require some nerve, it will have costs, and it will require confidence in ourselves as a university. This paper was prepared for discussion at the Academic Board of the University of Sydney.
MySchool is a federal government website listing all schools in the country and giving their test results, which the media immediately convert into league tables treating schools as competing firms or football teams. It is widely condemned by academic staff but used in publicity by university management — when their departments come out well. To its credit, the ARC has tried to remain independent. It was a miner, then a steelmaker, now with neoliberal de-industrialization is entirely a miner again, amalgamated with Billiton then owned in South Africa, formerly Dutch to form what is currently the biggest mining firm in the world, exporting huge quantities of iron ore and coal from Australia.
It does not yet have the toxic effect of MySchool given by competitive test results, but that is only a matter of time. References Connell, Raewyn. Davis, Glyn. National Press Club address: Glyn Davis on the quiet revolution in higher education. Gill, Rosalind. Breaking the silence: the hidden injuries of neo-liberal academia. Flood and R. Gill, ed. Hountondji, Paulin J. Knowledge appropriation in a post-colonial context. Odora Hoppers, ed. Minneapolis, University of Minnesota Press. Marginson, Simon. Dynamics of national and global competition in higher education.
Higher Education, vol. May, Robyn et al. The casual approach to university teaching: time for a re-think? Krause et al. Gold Coast, Australia, July Olssen, Mark and Michael A. Neoliberalism, higher education and the knowledge economy: from the free market to knowledge capitalism. Journal of Education Policy, vol. Education has been totally degraded over the years. Knowledge is abused and misused on a daily basis. Furthermore, from my personal experience many young people want to attend universities in order to enhance their social status in society, pretending to know it all.
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Our specific programs for technology are continuos learning and research. Specific programs for supply include cultivation of Jatropha seed and cooperative agreements with local farms. This shall be achieved by cost effective scientific farming of Jatropha with proper management. In field operation. Value proposition We think our value proposition is quite clear and quite easily distinguished from most others in the market. We offer ecology-friendly and renewable type of fuel at a reasonable market price. Competitive edge Our most important competitive edge is entering Jatropha cultivation and fuel supply industry with newest technologies and gaining experience and market share before competitors came.
Unlike mineral fuel, Biodiesel is renewable energy source, with competitive cost and performance. Promotion We depend on direct contacts as our main way to reach new buyers. We'll be developing our core positioning message: to differentiate our product from the competition. We will be using local newspaper advertising, radio, and cable TV to launch the initial campaign.
Distribution We focus on the market need for environment friendly fuel distributed through the authorized gas filling stations. We will also maintain close relationships with transport companies and agricultural enterprises. Sales strategy Our major intention is to keep levels of monthly production, sales, and collections close one to another. Because Biodiesel is highly liquid product, this goal can be implemented with right choice of distributors and suppliers m. Direct —cost of Biodiesel production is projected under Table: Sales programs There are three sales programs in this business plan: for Biodiesel, for Jatropha cake, for glycerine.
Biodiesel is planned to sell using direct mail, seminars, promotion programs and advertising in business newspapers. Because Biodiesel is a valuable fuel for in-city transportation companies, direct mail to these and other companies would be effective tool in promotion. Ecology, energy, technology related seminars are effective in finding regional representatives, partners, suppliers and buyers of our product. Promotion programs are: discounts to those carrying our trademark and symbolic, support to ecology and renewable energy concerned organizations, participation in regional fares and events.
Total budget for all these programs is shown in Profit and Loss Statement, Advertising and Miscellaneous expenses. The seed cake is an excellent fertilizer and has a waste market Glycerin be marketed to costematic, soap industries. Milestones The following table lists 1-st year milestones, with dates and budgets for each. The milestone schedule indicates our emphasis on planning for implementation. The most important programs are Jatropha cultivation Stages 1 to Harvesting and equipment installation. We omitted secondary actions like office preparation, stationery purchase or calls to perspective customers.
Management Our management philosophy is based on responsibility, mutual respect and entrepreneurial creativity. Organizational structure. Our main management divisions are farming, processing, and sales. Farming handles cultivation of Jatropha; processing- pressing of oil seeds and production of Biodiesel. Management team. Management team gaps. We believe we have a good team for covering the main points of the business plan: cultivation of Jatropha, sale of final products. Personnel plan The Personnel Plan reflects the need to bolster our capabilities to match positioning in the fuel and agricultural market.
The need for labor force was estimated accordingly to industry experience and technological needs. Project Financing Summary of finance required presented on the table below. We expect outside investor to finance the entire project and we offer him Table Direct costs were calculated in accordance to market prices of chemicals, all other expenses were also properly allocated in the income statement 6.
This assumption and other financial indicators shown in the table below 8. There are three stages - plantation, extraction, and transesterification - are considered. These stages are considered to be separate entities in this calculation. Cost calculated for the seed is loaded to the extraction stage, assuming that the seed is bought by an extraction unit, and then the corresponding raw oil cost is calculated. Finally, the raw oil cost is loaded to the transesterification stage, again assuming that a transesterification unit is using this raw oil and transesterifying it to bio-diesel.
Unforeseen factors and developments our ability to implement its business strategy may be adversely affected by factors that the we Cannot currently foresee, such as unanticipated costs and expenses, interruptions to or delays in production, reduced demand for the Our product, technological change, loss of political support for Biodiesel or severe economic downturn. All of these factors may necessitate changes to the business strategy described in this document. Competition There can be no assurance those potential competitors of the company, which may have greater financial, research and development, sales and marketing and personnel resources than ours.
It is anticipated that the market will become increasingly competitive over the coming decade. Additionally, several other biofuels and renewable fuels could be introduced to the market as alternatives to mineral diesel. Should these alternatives be selected in the market the demand for Biodiesel could be diluted.
Dependence on key personnel We believe that its future success will greatly depend upon the expertise and continued services of certain key executives and technical personnel, including the executive Directors We cannot guarantee the retention of such key executives and technical personnel. As a result, our business, its results of operations and financial condition may be adversely affected. General risks Our business may be affected by the general risks associated with all companies in the energy industry. The prices received for our goods and products depend on numerous factors, many of which are beyond its control and the exact effect of which cannot be accurately predicted.
Such factors include general economic and political activities, including the extent of governmental regulation and taxation. An investment could be affected adversely by changes in economic, political, administrative, taxation or other regulatory factors The company faces a number of industrial risks such as a dispute with its workforce and dependence on key suppliers, both of which may lead to a deterioration in financial performance. Risks associated with international sales. Operational risks The financial performance of the Company is at all times subject to operational risks.
For example, the technology could face unforeseen refining problems, in which case production and financial performance would be delayed. Unanticipated additional maintenance of the machine would also impact the production capacity and revenue projections. Storage tanks should be fully sealed at all times in order to ensure quality Biodiesel and to minimize moisture being added to the fuel.
The risk of contamination of the pure vegetable oil or Biodiesel exists from transportation, expelling, storage and refining should the proper quality procedures and handling guidelines not be adhered. The Company is also at risk of the contamination of its raw materials supplies at source which may lead to stock write downs and an inability to supply customers. The Company attempts to safeguard against this risk by checking materials prior to purchase and dispatch and on receipt at the relevant processing facility.
Agricultural risk Our business may be affected by all general risks associated with agricultural production. Theft is also a concern in certain regions, should trees be deemed valuable as another commodity in those regions. The use of petro-diesel in engines creates a significant amount of greenhouse gas emissions that can be greatly reduced by substituting a blend of Bio diesel and petro-diesel or using percent Bio diesel. Image 1: The Bio diesel production process.
Carbon sequestration, seed cake and Bio diesel are potential CER sources while glycerine is a potential additional revenue source. Bio diesel can be produced from plants such as rapeseed, palm, coconut, or soybean or from used cooking oil from restaurants. Regarding Clean Development Mechanism projects, there is a great potential in the use of Jatropha Curcas, or Pine nut. Jatropha is a small tree that has the ability to grow in poor soils and tolerate low rainfall and droughts, as well as areas with high rainfall; it can often grow in areas where other plants cannot.
The study concluded that Bio diesel yields 3. In relation to carbon credits, it has been estimated that 1 hectare of Jatropha Curcas could result in CO2 emissions reductions of 10 tonnes per year Francis and Becker There is a large potential for CDM Bio diesel projects in many countries. Other countries deemed to have potential for the establishment of Jatropha plantations include Indonesia, Namibia, Morocco and Paraguay.
Research is being conducted throughout the world, funded by both developed and developing countries, on establishing plantations for Bio diesel and on producing Bio diesel. However, lack of experience in producing Bio diesel and problems with seed and oil storage causes risk of investment to be fairly high. Carbon credits can help to reduce this risk and encourage investment in Bio diesel. Including revenue from carbon credits from petro-diesel substitution and possibly carbon sequestration and nitrogen based fertilizer substitution; Bio diesel projects become considerably financially attractive.
Interest in the use of the seeds of Jatropha Curcas, as well as other plants, to make the oil is rapidly expanding. CDM potential is present in a large number of countries due to the number of types of plants from which Bio diesel can be made. The time for realizing the potential of Bio diesel in the carbon market has arrived. Necesitamos establecer nuestra oferta de negocio como una alternativa clara y viable para nuestros mercados objetivo. Nuestra estrategia se enfoca en el bajo costo del producto.
Vamos a desarrollar nuestro mensaje central de posicionamiento para diferenciar nuestro producto de la competencia. La pasta de semillas es un excelente fertilizante y tiene un mercado de residuos. Creemos tener un buen equipo para cubrir los puntos principales del plan de negocios: cultivo de la Jatropha y venta de los productos finales.
Tabla Financiamiento del proyecto En la siguiente tabla se presenta un resumen del financiamiento requerido. Se presentan otras suposiciones financieras en la siguiente tabla: Tabla Todos estos factores pueden necesitar cambios en la estrategia de negocios descrita en este documento. Unfortunately, there is no unified explanation on how to understand it. At the same time, Supreme Audit Institutions SAIs worldwide have little or no experience in audits concerning sustainable energy. Thus, the aim of the Guidance is to help SAIs to understand issues concerning this topic and to identify a suitable audit approach.
The Guidance enables a reader: o to understand what the sustainable energy issue refers to and what its environmental, economic, and social impacts are; o to understand governmental responses to this issue such as policy instruments ; o to choose a suitable audit topic; and o to design an audit in connection with conditions in the respective country and to form appropriate audit questions. The Guidance respects the following four steps1: STEP 1 Understand the sustainable energy issue and its influence on society, economy, and the environment Step 1 aims to identify problematic issues regarding the sustainable energy in the respective country and their impact on society, economy, and the environment.
Chapter 1 focuses on Step 1 and gives the reader a basic overview of the most used energy resources and their advantages and drawbacks, as well as of energy consumption, savings, and efficiency. Chapter 2 focuses on this topic. STEP 3 How to choose audit topics Based on information obtained in Steps 1 and 2, auditors will identify areas that can be subject to an audit in the framework of legislative competencies and specify instruments appropriate for an audit or that are advisable to audit. Chapter 3 focuses on this issue and shows some approaches to potential topics on sustainable energy.
It also contains an analysis of possible risks risk assessment. STEP 4 Design the audit Step 4 introduced in Chapter 4 explains audit planning and preparation of an audit on sustainable energy. An audit logic matrix for performance audit of the sustainable energy issue also forms a part of Step 4.
A logical follow-up of Step 4 is carrying out an audit which is discussed in Chapter 5. The Annexes provide practical tips, case studies of sustainable energy audits, tips for setting audit criteria from international and national legislation, a guide on how to carry out audits on grants, and a guide on how to cope with the issue analysis. All this information is completed by a general overview on the questionnaire survey we made and an overview on audits carried out in this field up to now.
We understand sustainable energy as an issue covering two main fields; the first one is energy generation from renewable energy resources RERs , and the second one is the most effective and economic use of renewable and non-renewable energy resources. Each country should adopt measures to increase the proportion of energy produced from RERs in their energy mix. The broader use of RERs can make it possible to: o support development of new sectors based on modern technologies; o alleviate dependency of a country on energy imports from less stable countries; o mitigate global climate change and atmospheric pollution; o reduce the consumption of fossil and nuclear fuels; and o generate new jobs.
Public funding may be used to promote and expand the sustainable energy field, through direct funding of projects realized and through research and technology development. Thus, it is necessary to review and audit both the management of spending from public funds and the effectiveness of policies and programmes in achieving their stated objectives. The guide does not cover the transport and transport related policy tools. The transport issues are mentioned only marginally in the parts of the guide where it is appropriate for its logical structure.
For instance, biomass combustion does not increase the level of CO2 emissions in the atmosphere but it is necessary to replace e. Another advantage of biomass is that its combustion can be used e. Using biomass as a RER also has two potential disadvantages. Growing biomass crops may displace agricultural land that could be used for growing crops for food; more land is used for growing energy crops, deforestation and soil erosion occurs, and the foodstuffs market is affected.
Also, combustion of some biofuels can release a high amount of air pollutants into the atmosphere. Hydropower The energy of water can be obtained by using its flow kinetic power or its pressure pressure potential head , or also as a combination of both of these at the same time, which is typical for dam hydroelectric power stations. Potential energy originates as a consequence of gravity and depends on a difference in elevation levels. It is also possible to use water heat gradient for energy generation.
Currently, small hydroelectric power stations are being built, largely in place of former watermills and existing dams on smaller water courses. Very simple, and therefore also economically acceptable, microturbine technologies are used when building such small hydroelectric power stations. Tidal energy uses the regularity of tides to generate energy by placing turbines in the direction of an incoming high tide stream or by periodically filling up and draining coastal basins or lagoons.
Wave energy can be transformed into electricity in various mechanical or pneumatic ways. In most cases, these are still in the experimental stage. It is ideal to install the systems in places where a sea is metres deep, as this is where the wave energy is most efficient. In tropical oceans, the thermal gradient between the water surface and water at a depth of 1 km can be used for obtaining energy so called OTEC technology - Ocean thermal energy conversion.
The advantage of water energy is, in practice, its inexhaustibility and minimal environmental pollution. Hydroelectric power stations demand minimal servicing and maintenance and they can be operated from a distance. They can be put into operation during several tens of seconds and therefore can be used for covering immediate energy production demands, in particular in energy peak times it means in time when demand for electricity is increased , and also they can serve as a stand-by power supplies in cases of accidents.
Pumped-storage hydroelectric power stations can be also used for compensating energy drops that are caused by wind or solar power plants. Even though water energy ranks among the most widely used RERs, it also has some drawbacks. Hydroelectric power stations are characterized by high investment costs, particularly in the case of large hydroelectric power stations, and this goes hand in hand with impacts on the environment such as needing to flood large areas, destroying water systems, decline of biodiversity and possible social effects.
The amount of energy generated also can depend on seasonal water flow rate fluctuations e. Tidal power stations also suffer from another disadvantage: their operational hours are shifted daily by approximately 50 minutes because of the lunar tidal cycle which takes 24 hours 50 minutes , and therefore they do not always work well with the energy peak times of electricity grids. Also, the sites wellsuited for the construction of these power stations are often remote from points where energy is used.
While the potential to use the energy of sea waves is great, a negative aspect is that wave generation depends on the force of wind. Rotors of turbines driven by streaming air can be used to generate energy. The size of the turbines varies anywhere from small simple turbines fitted onto the roofs of family houses up to individual large turbines with an output power of over 2MW that can be grouped at wind farms built both on land or at sea.
Wind energy is easy to convert to electric power and does not generate emissions or waste. Electric power from large installations is fed directly to the grid, while small units e. The main problems with wind turbines are high investment costs and construction being limited to areas with adequate average wind speed.
Reservations have also been voiced about the noise generated by the turbines and their domination in the countryside, which can be disturbing. Because energy generated by wind power is intermittent, other energy e. Combining the bodypack transmitter with an headworn or clip-on microphone, will give you total freedom of movement during your tour. You will have both hands free to describe an object, make a presentation and express your point. The transmitter can be easily and comfortably operated, and is highly robust.
The back-lit display confirms channel choice, the radio signal and the status of the battery. Two jacks for the microphone and line ensure variable utilization. For example, you will be able to transmit an external audio source such as music from a portable CD player via your transmitter and continue to talk or mute the microphone. ME 2-N - Clip-on mic omni-directional Clip-on mic omni-directional; 3. ME 4-N - Clip-on mic cardioid Clip-on mic cardioid; 3.
It fulfils the most stringent demands on sound quality and is extremely rugged. A special Umbrella diaphragm and a welded housing protect the MKE 2-ew Gold against sweat and moisture, making it an ideal choice for theatrical productions. Colour: matt black. HS 2 ew - Headmic omni-directional Headmic omni-directional; 3. ME 3-N - Headmic super cardioid Headmic super cardioid; 3. It features a rugged metal body, high suppression of handling noise and excellent rejection of feedback and spillage.
Rugged, durable construction, insensitive to handling noise. The e efficiently suppresses sounds emanating from outside its pick-up angle, and is fitted with a hum compensating coil for reducing electromagnetic interference. CL 1 - Cable Cable for audio devices 3. CL 2 - Mic cable Mic cable 3. Color: negro mate. CL 1 - Cable Cable para dispositivos de audio, jack de 3.
RF wireless systems, our infrared systems offer efficient, dependable commu-nications for a large variety of applications. From portable small-area systems for single- or two-channel use to complex, large-area systems for multi-channel use, we can provide an infrared system for nearly any need. Our Series high sub-carrier frequency system, for instance, has been designed to eliminate the interference problem that plagues other systems to provide clear, uninterrupted audio. Digital Conference Systems: Sennheise's Digital Conference Systems are designed to work dependably and simply in any con-ference setting.
The individual delegate units can be combined in a variety of configurations to give maximum flexibility and ease of use, and all conference systems can be easily interfaced with both infrared and interpretation systems for complete conference solutions. Interpretation Systems: The Televic TIS Series interpretation systems perfectly complement our conference and infrared systems by offering a variety of translation system options. Offering simultaneous language trans-lation capabilities of up to eight different languages, these systems provide unparalleled operation in international conference settings.
Users simply approach an exhibit, and the audio program is triggered. Tourguide Systems: Employing Sennheiser's world-renown RF wireless technology, Tourguide systems offer the utmost ease and comfort for any guided tour situation. Not only are their easy-to-use components durable and great-sounding, but they offer a cost-effective solution to traditional guided tours.
Sennheiser's DirectEar Soundfield Amplification System solves this problem by providing mild amplification designed to optimize speech intelligibility. Now everyone can hear equally regardless of where they are seated in the classroom. Related Products: All Sennheiser Information Systems can be combined with additional Sennheiser, Innovason, TurboSound, and Chevin products and components to add functionality and versatility.
In addition to the products offered in this brochure, Sennheiser has a full line of audio products which may complement your system. Its single- or dual-channel operation 2. RI S Single-channel body pack receiver with neck cord and 3. HDI Two-channel stethophone receiver with squelch. With available mounting hardware, the SI 20 can be easily mounted on walls or ceilings. SZI30 This compact, small to medium-area emitter panel perfectly complements the SI 20 modulator in situations where full, large-area coverage is unnecessary.
This easy-to-use, integrated system offers a cost-effective solution for ADA compliance for the hard of hearing, simultaneous language interpretation, and other assistive listening applications. Please use SI 30 or SI With its new SDC conference system, Sennheiser brings the benefits of digital communication technology to the conference room: flexibility, high-fidelity audio and easy, straightforward operation.
Optional software allows the conference management to be handled directly from a PC. SDC can be coupled with a Televic System, allowing for simultaneous language interpretation. SDC is a new generation of mobile, readily expandable equipment essential for modern communications for conferences of all types and sizes. The Delegate Unit and Its Functions The delegate unit features a built-in loudspeaker, allowing the participant to directly hear all audio information, e. The unit's electret microphone ensures that every word is transmitted clearly to all participants. The mic is fitted with a red LED ring which serves as an indicator of who is allowed to take the floor, who has "applied" for a comment, etc.
Controlling Functions for the Conference Chairperson A simple change in configuration is all that is needed to turn the delegate unit into a chairperson unit. Two control keys which are otherwise inactive will be assigned special functions, enabling the chairperson to control the meeting. For example, he or she can determine who is allowed take the floor, and can pass on the "speaking rights" in queue sequence.
For large conferences up to four chairperson units may be configured. Up to 25 conference consoles can be hooked up to the central unit - that's all there is to setting up a basic conference system! Beyond 25 consoles, add a power supply. Using the central unit, a delegate unit can be programmed as a chairperson unit. During the conference, the central unit "opens" and "closes" the speaking channels. Three basic conference modes can be chosen on the central unit.
In "Request" mode, the chairperson allows speaking rights by pressing the "next" key. External audio, such as a feed from a wired or wireless presenter's mic, may also be interfaced into the Central Unit for distribution to each of the Delegate units. Integral software in the Central Unit makes it easy to set the system to control modes as well as voting and station preferences.
Available in three interchangeable series - the , , and Series - each system can be configured to fit the requirements of virtually any application. The amazing Series is perfect for any musical style, and offers four switchable presets reprogrammable to any of the available frequencies , a true diversity receiver for stable, high-quality transmission, and -unlike other wireless systems at this price - high-quality metal construction that will stand up to the rigors of life on the road.
In addition, an alphanumeric name can be assigned to the receiver.
Full text of "The Spanish Language, as Now Spoken and Written: A Complete Theoretical and "
You'll get much greater quality, without on-stage feedback problems. The Series In-Ear Monitor System features eight switchable presets, which can be reprogrammed to any one of the available frequencies, so you can operate several systems simultaneously. It also features the ability to create personalized in-ear monitor mixes for each performer and a unique Focus function, which switches stereo monitoring to "dual mono" mode, enabling performers to individually separate their voice or instru-ment from the total mix.
A switchable limiter protects performers from excessive sound pressure levels. The Series is perfect for a wide variety of wireless applications, offering the ultimate in performance for concert sound, theater, and more. It even features an innovative Soundcheck mode, which allows an artist or engineer to perform his or her own on-stage level and RF check. EW Series Based on the new EM dual-channel true-diversity RF receiver, the series is designed for professional touring and installation applications where unwavering RF performance and rugged construction is mandatory.
It incorporates an active antenna splitter, all metal frame with reinforcement, transformer-balanced outputs and headphone monitoring on the front panel. Great sound. Advanced technology. With innovaSON, you don't need a crew of four people to lift and carry your console.
Each offers advanced functions for links, groups, copying and user utilities. Each has an analog feel, enhanced by an ultra-fast kernel driving all motorized faders, knobs and switches. And each has a strong, robust mechanical construction designed for "truck'n'bus" touring and the rigors of daily rental use. Give us a call, visit our web site, or send us a note. RF output 3. Weight 4. RI S Receptor de bolsillo de un canal con correa para colgarse al cuello y conector hembra de 3. Al igual que el SI 20, el SZI 30 puede quedar discretamente ubicado usando los aditamentos opcionales para montaje.
El software opcional permite que la conferencia se maneje directamente desde una PC. En conferencias grandes, se pueden configurar hasta cuatro unidades para presidente.
- Todays Military World;
- Henry steiner cabins masters thesis.
- The Vengeance of Hera (Hercules).
- The Endless Night.
- Пентагон (Pentagon).
- Nelson’s Women!
- Balancing Act (Classic Board Books)?
- Categoría: Fuerza.
- WorldSoundMusic: Art-Rock/Progressive Rock - by Bruce Eder?
Mediante la unidad central, una unidad para delegado se puede programar como unidad para presidente. Gran sonido. Con innovaSON no necesita de cuatro miembros del personal para levantar y acarrear su consola. Salida de RF conector hembra de 3. The demands that you make of yourself and your voice are the following: - powerful sound - ability to stand out against the other instruments - maximum volume. But with a little more understanding about how the voice works and how it produces sound, you will soon realise that there are better alternatives.
And this is where it starts, as tiny vibrations on your vocal cords. But there is more to a voice than that. And it is this resonance that you have to make use of. But this sound needs to be amplified by a resonator — your own body. In other words, you are your own instrument. Pitch depends on the tenseness of the vocal cords.
A higher tension produces a higher note, less tension produces lower notes. The many different fine motor adjustments of the vocal cords cannot be controlled and should rather be left to themselves. The brain is able to subconsciously communicate to the vocal cords how the sequence of notes is to be formed.
If you are well prepared, have practiced enough and are certain of the words and the tune, your intonation, timing, sound and expression will also be correct whenever they need to be. The only task that breath has in singing is to maintain the fine vibrations of the vocal folds — similar to the way in which a violin bow causes the string to vibrate.
Even a very slight flow of air is enough. You need only a small amount of air to produce your notes, no matter how loud you want them to be. Therefore, you must learn not to use up the available air but to control it. A very special breathing technique is used to achieve this breath control. In this technique, something resembling a column of air is established in the body, and the vibration of the vocal cords is then transferred to it, with the result that your whole body becomes part of the vibration.
Lower your shoulders — maintain the tension in the back Bild schultern-unten. You will also notice that your stomach moves inwards. Breath out while maintaining the upright posture Bild ausatmung. Let the air drop into the stomach Bild einatmung. Incorrect posture Bild haltung-hohlkreuz. Maintaining this posture is the only physical work required, but it can become hard work over a longer period of time. However, it ensures that the throat is not tensed or restricted at any time and the voice is able to open up and develop fully. A feeling of stability is established — outwardly controlled with an upright posture, inwardly free of tension and wide open.
The movement of the stomach muscles outwards and downwards causes the diaphragm to move as well, and as the diaphragm moves downwards, the sides of the lungs are also pulled downwards. The result is a partial vacuum in the lungs, which causes air to be drawn in. Since the lungs are now filled with air evenly and not only in the upper region — which is normally the case when you consciously breathe in — you have the feeling that the air is flowing into the stomach.
Schematic diagram of the breathing process — side view Bild aus-ein-atmung. The correct posture will give you optimum stability. The Resonators In order to control your voice, you need to know where the voice resonates in the body and how it is amplified. There are also mixed forms which vary between the two. The Chest and the Abdomen For low notes, the chest voice resonates more in the chest or perhaps even in the abdomen, shifting its resonance further and further upwards as the notes climb up the scale. Soundbeispiel SEN That is by no means easy because, above a certain pitch around E1 , the voice tries to change over to the head voice.
Preventing this from happening requires special training. For female singers in particular, it is important to concentrate on the low resonances in the chest and to further develop the voice there. In the registers of the pure chest voice D to b: Link zu Stil below c1, the vocal range is just about at its limits. Generally speaking, deep resonances give the voice more sound, for both male and female singers. Therefore, before you try to extend your limits upwards, you should first of all try to stabilise and strengthen your normal chest voice — its range may well go much lower than you think.
Soundbeispiel: SEN What is important is that you become aware of precisely where you can feel your voice in your head. Audiofile: SEN Very special sounds are produced there, such as snarling, rasping, growling, squeaking, etc. Experiment with these sounds and, without pressure, give free rein to your voice.
Although these delicate sound components in your voice are very quiet and inconspicuous, when used correctly and in combination with the right microphone, they can be used to produce a very individual sound. Soundbeispiele s Of course, one can prevent this by technical means link: Technology, Filters, Dynamic Processors , but it is nevertheless important to train your pronunciation in order to eliminate such excessively reproduced frequencies. Room Acoustics So far, we have developed your depth of sound and head resonances as well as your feeling for sounds in the jaws, palate and throat.
As you become more and more aware of these sounds, you will learn to control them. As a singer, you are dependent not only on a stable body awareness but also on the acoustics of the room you are in. The way your voice sounds in the room can have a very decisive influence on your feeling for phrasing and intonation. The room contains air which also vibrates, in turn causing reflections. Make sure that you are familiar with the acoustic conditions of the room in which you are singing. Harmonics Seen from a purely physical point of view, every note is the sum of harmonic notes or overtones.
Every note is accompanied by a certain series of overtones. If this series changes while you are singing, the mood of the note also changes. The harmonic series consists of a large number of overtones, and some of them are continually dropping out or slipping. This does not matter, provided that the notes are still precise and sound in tune. Sensitive large-diaphragm studio microphones in particular e.
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We consider it to have delicious roots with a tasty influence, but they probably know best.. Pantai itu masih sama. Hani menceritakan peristiwa yang berlaku semalam. Dia tidak mahu ketinggalan untuk mengusik dia lebih-lebih lagi ini peluang yang tidak akan datang selalu. Isabelle tak mungkin kembali dalam basah hujan untuk menjengahnya. Naila sambut huluran shah. The tuners are nice and tight, but easy enough to turn when you need to make minor adjustments. The guitar has a truss rod to adjust the neck and it works just fine.
Imran cuba meleraikan kekusutan. Yasmin memecut laju kereta ke firma guamannya. Rizal,segala bentuk hukuman tak ubah seperti air mengalir ke daun keladi. Penganayaan terhadap Cikgu Nirmala. Each of the guest rooms at Super 8 include cable television and a work desk. Read on to find out about some fun and cheap Halloween decorations that range from cool to creepy. The most resented woman in America.
Sometimes, spontaneity is the key. We repeatedly mopped them with a mixture of bleach and water. He was Dia tak boleh gila! Dia belum terima lagi balasannya. Standard bahasa Dzirkri berubah ketika marah. As with many household dishes, different recipes prepare the dish using different fillings, sauces, etc. The filling traditionally consists of meat, often ground beef, lamb or pork and is seasoned with garlic, onion and spices.
Lantas aku berdiri. Tujuanku hanyalah untuk memasak nasi. Beberapa perskripsi ubat juga telah diberikan oleh Doktor Takeshi sebelum meninggalkan bilik tersebut. Sebenarnya unit latihan merupakan nadi dalam kejayaan sesebuah organisasi. If you fancy an Indian, you can have the chicken tikka and tandori chicken with all the lovely salad mix on the side.
Namun segalanya sia-sia sahaja. Pihak hospital menelefon keluarganya untuk datang menuntut mayatnya. Ternyata, Dhia sihat. One more thing is i cut out cheats such as frozen yogurt and ice cream, once again for allergy reasons and I think that also caused me to loose more weight.. Diriku telah kenyang dengan sepak terajang dari ayahku sendiri. Kau sihat?. Lepas ni alya nak stat blaja da kan? Sementara Suraya pula sudah mencicit-cicit berlari keluar pagar.
Pening kepala bila mengenangkan permintaan mama yang berharap agar dia mengahwini Lisa. Ini bukan sahaja berkaitan tentang maruah dirinya malah melibatkan maruah keluarganya. Persahabatannya bersama Syira hanya tinggal kenangan. Hidang apa yang patut. Tak habis-habis mengeluhnya. Terus nombor?? Putra tahu Putra dah tak ada harapan lagi. Pantas dia menarik hidung Raisya. Nabil dan Nadim terus tertidur. Seronok melihat anak-anaknya menikmati juadah berbuka selepas seharian menahan diri dari makan dan minum. Abang sayangkan Nurin. Baru sahaja mereka habis berbual. Ibuku diam tak terkata. Aku tergamam dan hatiku berkata, Skudai, Biarkan dia orang pergi.
Rayyan membalas genggaman itu sambil tersenyum. Seorang pemuda berdiri di hadapannya. Terdetik dalam hati aku. Haha…Bunga: Dh ler mls nk lyn awkHykal: Org dsna mrh ker? Tapi macamana awak tahu saiz kaki saya? Lainlah kalau Ishami ada masalah atau tengah sedih. Farish memakaikan Fadzira rantai emas putih yang ditempahnya dulu semasa membeli belah bersama-sama Farish. Bantal ditarik dan dibawa kemukanya. Abang ugut Hanna dengan tak mahu makan. Umur Mak Munah tu kan dah enam puluh tahun. Natra membuka langkah seribu meninggalkan Faris yang bermandi telur.
Hobinya itu tak pernah padam, mataku masih jua mengantuk. Balasku gentar. Tia tengah bukak hadiah. Gadis itu membalas pandangannya dengan dahi berkerut. Berikanlah kami Ya Allah iman yang sebenarnya sehingga kami tidak lagi gentar atau mengharap orang lain selain dari Engkau sendiri. Zarina terpempam. Apa jenis perempuan pun aku terima… aku tengok Syuhada tu special sikit… cun pun boleh tahan… sudahlah, Saya akan score goal untuk awak! Diorang tunggu kau. Imam Muqatil bin Hayyan pula berkata,jadi kau nak akak pakai tudung labuh la ya.
Aku tadah tangan. Memang betulah kata nenek, Soal rakanku secara tiba-tiba yang membuatkan aku terkeluar dari lamunanku. Ummi buatkan sirap limau tadi.
Lalu tanpa kata. Tapi saya tak jamin hanya mereka dan awak yang ada dalam hati saya,saya 2 bradik je. Wat malu aku ngan Aidil je kalau nk mkn ngan kau ni. Tidak ada angka yang dapat memberikan rasa bangga. Aku rasa peliklah. Nama dia kalau tak salahlah Limau ke apa. Hatinya digigit resah yang bukan kepalang. Dilla pergi mana? Kadang-kadang melakukan rutin sebegini di negara orang memang seronok kerana kita dapat belajar budaya orang tetapi kadang-kadang bahaya juga kerana tanpa diduga rindu pada tanah air turut akan menyerang. Untuk apa aku kerja dengan orang sombong dan bongkak macam tu? Sekarang tak ada jaminan walaupun kau dah bercinta 10 tahun sekalipun.
Zikir sentiasa tak lekang dari bibirnya setiap kali sudah solat. Elisya biasanya tidur pukul 10 lebih. Hatinya dirundum pilu. Sawan apa tu? Dari tadi asyik mengelamun je sampai aku duk bercerita pun kau tak sedar kan? Darah menyembur dengan tiba-tiba. Tau jelah abang-abang kamu nak kemas. Ohh sayangku sayang.
Itukan mayat. Seribu Tahun menjadi pilihan cayang aku untuk menjadi halwa telinga aku ari ni. Dia adalah peserta rancangan ini. Hakikatnya kau bukan Fee. Kelihatannya seperti sebuah makmal. Tak tahu kenapa hati aku rasa lega tiba-tiba. Hanna kata diari lukisannya. Selepas mendaftarkan diri di asrama, Sesibuk mana pun mereka, dan menarik tanganku. Tolong aku, Terjerit Aina dibuatnya. Adam menjawab dengan gembira nya dia.
Namun, Dan akhirnya aku membelek album perkahwinan kita dan baru ku sedari, Nama penuh pulak tu. Ni senyap je.?? WoiiKau dengar tak apa aku cakap ni?? Aku kuatkan sikit volume suaraKalau tak disebabkan nak minta tolong dah lama aku jerit kat lubang telinga diaBiar padan dengan muka dia??
Ehhapsal masuk bilik aku sesuka hati je niTak reti nak ketuk dulu ke?? Hafiz bangun dari pembaringanUtopia ditutup lantas diletak di atas mejaAku pandang dia sambil angkat kening sebelahKalah Ziana Zain tuApa kes budak ni tiba-tiba melenting tak tentu pasalAgaknya terkejut dengan suara aku tadi kotEhh nanti japDia cakap apa tadiAku masuk sesuka hatiTak ketuk pintu??
Kau ni pekak ke buat-buat pekakPunya la banyak kali aku ketuk kau boleh tak dengarSiap tuduh aku masuk sesuka hati lagi tuu. Kau ingat aku ni macam kau? Abang ada hal penting nak cakap. Maafkan aku juga kerana engkau mungkin tidak sempat bertemu denganku pada semester baru pengajian. Sebagai pemimpin kampung itu, Kertas itu masih dalam genggamannya. Matanya tertumpu ke suatu sudut. Dia tahu wanita Islam bertudung litup seperti itu. Seakan hilang punca. Mereka bertiga duduk di tengah gelanggang sebelum berbaring menghadap langit gelap. Hari ini sudah masuk tiga hari berturut-turut aku keluar makan tengahari bersama Acik.
Latihan semalam sudah selesai? Amira menyambut huluran gambar tersebut. Nombor yang tertera pula unknown. Kedua-dua tangan Uwais tidak normal dan mulutnya agak herot. Ya Allah mengapa sebegini berat ujian mu,Jadi kamu nak cakap yang si Asyraff untuk bagus sangat? Tubuhku sedikit menggigil. Biar dia je yang layan gila CSI kau tu. Sya nak coklat tu! Sepanjang perjalanan aku yang mendahului. Dia main tikam kat kelas tadi.
Selamat bertugas. Itu telahanku. Ini tahun kedua Nabil berpuasa dan tahun pertama buat Nadim. Blusher dah ada kiri kanan. Mak dan abah dah terima dik. Kini aku mengerti bagaimana letihnya menjalani kehidupan sebagai seorang doktor praktikal di tempat orang. Tapi saya musykil. Baby tak dapat tipu abang??
Bisik hatinya perlahan Dia mengesat air mata yang masih tersisa di wajah polos adiknya itu Kemudian membetulkan tudungnya yang? Inilah sekolah baru aku Hurmm not bad?? Saya tak kisah dan saya tak halang asal dia gembira dan saya baahgia sebab dapat jumpa Nina selalu. Mataku merah namun masih mampu menahan empangan daripada pecah.
Sesuatu dalam kepala dan dalam hati aku yang saat ini sepakat berniat satu perkara yang sama. Bukit Damansara. Lindungilah rumah tangga mereka andai mereka memang ditakdirkan bersama. Tanpa sebarang keluh kesah. Jasanya memang tidak ternilai. Pandangannya kemudian beralih.
Tak pernah-pernah si isteri akan menelefonnya sebaliknya dialah yang selalu menelefon Alisha ketika dalam pejabat atau di mana jua. Ika pun add lah dia kat Yahoo Messenger. Kira kau ni anak orang kaya a kan. Datuk Megat Amriz hanya menggelengkan kepalanya mengenangkan nasib yang menimpa pasangan yang baru mendirikan rumah tangga tidak sampai pun enam bulan.
Pelajaran berjalan seperti biasa sehinggalah loceng rehat berbunyi. Kita hanya meminjamnya buat sementara. Namun Wahid ragu-ragu dengan umi Habiba. Ape aku merepek ni! Udin dan Akob akan bergilir-gilir menunggang basikal untuk membantu abang mereka di gerai burger milik Adham Faiz yang sudah beroperasi selama hampir dua tahun. Aku hanya tersedar apabila Farina memegang bahuku. Tak sangka lamaran kali kelima ini dah terbalik. Aku pun tadah telinga sampai sejam. Aku tak pasti apa nama sebenarnya. Tak guna menangis sebab seorang lelaki.
Aku belanja kau eh. Hatinya bagai dirobek dengan sebilah pisau yang tajam. Balik rumah pun mama asyik sebut nama dia. Rito ditahan. Senyuman turut terukir dibibirnya. Sedangkan Dato?? Rashid yang mempunyai sebuah syarikat perubatan yang berjaya pun boleh terlibat dengan aktiviti jenayah. Nek Timah yang melihat adegan itu seperti mahu menangis mengenangkan nasib cucunya yang kehilangan kasih sayang daripada kedua-dua orang tuanya.
Just relax k. Mail takut-takut memberitahu bosnya, Walaupun jam menunjukkan pukul empat pagi,Wardah tersenyum. Sementara menuggu Adam bersiap , Contohnya saya, giliran Ustaz Halim berucap. Bila abang dapat tahu Ina juga tidak mahu bernikah. Aku bukan nak dengar pun. Pengambilan pil khayal atau ecstasy secara tidak disedari boleh merosakkan organ-organ utama seperti otak, Berdebar aku menunggu reaksi dia. Remy mendekati mereka berdua.
Take care. Dan air mataku turun dengan lebat. Takut tau tak! Tapi dia masih bertahan lagi sampai Petronas. My husband and i felt now lucky that Raymond could round up his research out of the ideas he came across using your web site. Thanks for everything!