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Consequently, the main staple diet consists of cow and agricultural products. This includes barbecued and boiled meat; amasi curdled milk , mixed with dry, ground corn or dry, cooked mealie-meal corn flour ; amadumbe yams ; vegetables; and fruits. The Zulu traditional beer is not only a staple food but a considerable source of nutrition. It is also socially and ritually important and is drunk on all significant occasions. Drinking and eating from the same plate was and still is a sign of friendship.

It is customary for children to eat from the same dish, usually a big basin. This derives from a "share what you have" belief which is part of ubuntu humane philosophy. Illiteracy inability to read and write is high among most black South Africans.


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However, education is slowly improving with the new government. Before, children went to school only if their parents could afford to send them. Schooling started at seven years of age and continued until about twenty-four years of age. Since education was not compulsory, pupils could take their time to finish matric high school. Passing matriculation graduating was and still is regarded as a high achievement by the whole community. After matriculation, those parents who can afford it usually send their children to college. Education and raising a child is like a cycle among the Zulu.

Parents spend all they have to raise and educate their children. In turn, the children take care of their parents and their own children when they start working. A person who breaks this cycle is viewed as a community outcast, one who has forgotten about his or her roots. The Zulu are fond of singing as well as dancing. These activities promote unity at all the transitional ceremonies such as births, weddings, and funerals. All the dances are accompanied by drums. The men dress as warriors, wave their clubs, and thrust their cowhide shields forward.

Zulu folklore is transmitted through storytelling, praise-poems, and proverbs. These explain Zulu history and teach moral lessons. Praise-poems poems recited about the kings and the high achievers in life are becoming part of popular culture. In the past, only able-bodied men were supposed to work. Before the s, especially in rural areas, being able to send a written letter and get a reply meant that a young boy was ready to go and look for work.

Now Zulus want to complete their high school education. In the mind of the Zulu, work should benefit either one's parents or children and siblings. The first salary or the bigger portion , therefore, is usually given to parents in return for blessings.

Soccer is very popular for both young boys and men. Children learn the game by watching their older brothers play. Whenever boys are together and not engaged in some household or school activity, they play soccer. Young boys, especially those who live next to big rivers, also compete in swimming. Girls, if they are not at school, are expected to assist their mothers in the house. However, they can play games once they have finished their chores. Two girls stand opposite each other, usually not more than feet 50 meters apart.

Another girl stands between them, facing the one who is holding a tennis ball. The idea of this game is to try to hit the girl standing in the middle while she tries to avoid being hit. If the ball hits her or touches her clothes, she is out. Being able to avoid being hit ten times earns the girl a point. Having the most points means winning a game and becoming the best player in your circle of friends. One sport which is participated in by both girls and boys is track and field, an organized school sport. Ritual ceremonies also serve as part of the entertainment and recreation for the whole community.

Zulu custom does not mandate formal invitations to gatherings where food will be served, such as weddings and birthday parties. The Zulu believe that food should be shared. Therefore, uninvited arrival at a celebration is an honor to the host. These celebrations include singing and dancing. Television is very popular among urban Zulu households. Owning a television set is a luxury for rural Zulu since very few rural areas have electricity.

Those who can afford to go to the movies do so. For urban teenagers, American youth culture, especially clothing and music, is very popular. Among adults, stokvels voluntary or common-interest associations provide financial assistance, friendship, and recreation. The Zulu, especially those from rural areas, are known for their weaving, craftmaking, pottery, and beadwork. Women and children weave everyday-use mats, beer sieves, and baskets for domestic purposes.

They also make calabashes decorated gourds used as utensils. Men and boys carve various household objects and ornaments from wood and bone. These include headrests, trays, scrapers, household utensils, and chairs. Beadmaking is mainly women's work because beads are believed to be a way of sending messages without being direct.

The Zulu terms ubuntu and hlonipha summarize everything about human rights. However, it is evident that some individuals in Zulu society, particularly women and children, enjoy fewer human rights than others. Haskins, J. From Afar to Zulu. New York: Walker and Company, Khuzwayo, W. Macnamara, M. World Views. Pretoria: J. West, M. Cape Town: C. Struik Publishers, Web Design. Zulu Anthropology. Embassy of South Africa, Washington, D.

Government of South Africa.

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Interknowledge Corp. South Africa. Southern African Development Community. Toggle navigation. Also read article about Zulu from Wikipedia. User Contributions: 1.

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Can you help me get to that point in my life. I went to Universities in the USA. I only know English can make a damn good English teacher. I am also an Ordained minister. My wife know four languages. I am Hubie Sookram. Thina maZulu siyabantu abane mpatho, i grew up in the rurl areas, i use take the cows for 'diphu' every Thursday and it wsa a butiful experience for a female. Now my life is urbanised i am even sending emails not so interesting. I love the information you have put on the internet about my people it is very intresting or Hakikuku as my people would say thank u so much.

This helps so much Lint Licker. It helped! I didn't even know what Rites of passage ment and I needed it for my project.

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So thanks. Thank you for all of this information!!! It is very helpful to have all of this info on just one website!!! Big Timmay. Rokin robbin. Wow, thx soooo much this is exactly what I needed , im doin sum school stuff and this is the best site for it!!!! U ROCK!!!! This site really helped me a lot my friend told me about it and i love it! Nate Narcotic. Iam a Zulu girl too living in the u. What a wonderful and lovely piece of writing!

Keep it up; I am really impressed about this article and I agree with it. I am also a Zulu young man, and you have made me to learn more about my culture! Calum Canavan. Thanks for helping me with my project on Africain Culutres of the Zulu tribe, I was surpriesed that there partly Christain. WOW, i did really knew much about my own culture but this website really helped me, but do i wouldh've like to have read more about the sport side of thing, soccer is a more modern game. I would've what to know more about amagende and other games that the Zulu's played and still are Pre-marital sex is forbidden in Zulu Culture hence the boy's family is punished through paying damages for impregnating a young maiden.

This custom is still being practiced even today. I am a South African, living in England now though, and have really learnt alot from this website. Thank you. Lovely and So interesting to understand and know about the amazing people that shaped our country. I have a question that I cannot find an answer to.

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Is this true? But I do think it is traditional. I do remember the woman dressing in Blue with White Crosses on their chest too. I know they dressed like this for a certain dureation, but I cannot remember the details. Very frustrating, the dress code could have been more Church based than traditional Zulu grieving I think. But mostly I just want to know about the griving over a death please. Any information on this would be Greatly appreciated.

This is the best site for the Zulu tribe! But who were the writers that I should put down for a citation? Hey I'm doing a report on the Zulus, and this was a really good source of information. I noted this site as one of my main sources of information because it was so informative!

Why parents are making business about their daughters when it comes to paying lobola. Some guys they pay closed to R50 for a girl and that is too much. Please parents make it reasonable demand paying lobola is like bringing two families together no a business. I think this article and this website is wonderful I'm in high school it helped me do very good in my SA on Zulu's!! Wow it is nice to see a wapsite like that i realy appreciate it. I am a Zulu specialist teacher, and a published author in South Africa in the primary schools there. To answer some of your questions, a Zulu house, is called a rondavel.

It is always round in shape, so that no evil spirits can hide in any corner of the house! Yes - Zulu women will always wear blue dresses with almost like a white apron over it, and a cross, when they worship on a Sunday - not just when there has been a death in the family. It is the uniform of the particular Christian order that they mostly belong to. The urban men do not attend church as much as the urban women. Very recent research is now showing, that owing to the affirmative action policies brought in since , more Zulu women are now in employment than Zulu men, which has put them in a strong financial position, and is slowly starting to change the inferior way in which these women have been treated for centuries.

Kevin Palacios. Its really helping me understand more about the zulu cuture. Really good and interesting. Couldnt know where else to find all of this information for my, 'Facts about Zulus' homework. Going to get me a high level thanks to you!!! I'd like to know the habits n equipment used to cook or prepare the beer for the Zulu culture? Shereka Reena Pierce. Countries and their cultures. I need this article to write the draft to my research paper. Well written, love the article.

I am actually going to recommend it to people I know, great source! It was very interesting and also helped me in preparing the notes for my school project It is very informative and has is very easy to read! Sthembiso Sithole. I'm equally impressed. I'm zulu living in Durban, South Africa. I did not study history in School but tell you what I know a few pieces have come together. Learnt a lot in this website. Thanks a lot. Zulu translations for such words as strong, happy, kind, beautiful-girl, smart-one, helper etc. In other words, very positive words. In addition, the best words probably would be those that would be the easiest for Americans to pronounce, out loud, if they can only read the name from a sign.

I would very much like to be the winner in this contest to name the cubs since the winner will get to have a behind the scenes visit with the zookeeper and the cubs. I have a beloved photograph of my father that was taken in in Africa. It shows him holding a Lion cub. My Dad died in at age 85, and I would love to frame a picture of myself holding a cub alongside of his photo. I must submit my entry by Mar. Anything you could do to help me would be greatly appreciated.

Thanks, Bobbin. Ethan Botes. Thank you for your article! It really helped in getting to know the Zulu's better! I managed to find all the information on my project! I choose this beautiful culture because I like to know other cultures different from my own as a Tourism Student! It is already an honoure that I got this article! I feel like I know the Zulu people already from the information I got!

I also appreciate it because it also maid me fall inlove with my friends more who are Zulus! Great tutorial indeed! Thank u! Menzi sithole. Thank you alot with the information made things easier for me. I am impressed. Thanks so much! This culture is awesome and its really cool learning about it! I come from France, this website gave me a lot of things to wright down, I hope some day we can all learn about these people. Thank you for putting this website online.

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Clement nduaguibe. Mali had been a state inside of the Ghanaian empire. After Ghana fell because of invading forces and internal disputes, Mali rose to greatness under the leadership of a legendary king named Sundiata, the "Lion King.


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  • After his death, however, his sons could not hold the empire together. The smaller states it had conquered broke off, and the empire crumbled.

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    As Mali's power waned, Songhai asserted its independence and rose to power in the area. Songhai had been an important trade center within Mali's empire, just as Mali had once been ruled by Ghana. Great Songhai kings such as Sunni Ali Ber and Askia Mohammed Toure extended the Songhai kingdom farther than Ghana or Mali had before it and brought an organized system of government to the area.

    It was the largest and most powerful kingdom in medieval West Africa. The riches of the gold and salt mines drew invaders, though, and in the late sixteenth century a Moroccan army attacked the capital. The Songhai empire, already weakened by internal political struggles, went into decline. Looking at the city of Timbuktu, now part of the modern African state of Mali, brings this pattern of turmoil and conquest to light. In medieval times, Timbuktu was a central spot on the trade routes. During the height of ancient Mali, Timbuktu was one of its most important cities.

    When Mali declined, Timbuktu was taken over by the Songhai. After the decline of the Songhai empire, Timbuktu was briefly occupied by Moroccan forces, then taken over by the Fulani people and later by the French. Timbuktu's history mirrors the rise and decline of civilizations in the area.