New media enterprises are contributing an increasingly important component to the city's central role in the media sphere. More than newspapers and consumer magazines have an office in the city,  and the publishing industry employs about 25, people.
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The Village Voice , historically the largest alternative newspaper in the United States, announced in that it would cease publication of its print edition and convert to a fully digital venture. The television and radio industry developed in New York and is a significant employer in the city's economy. The City of New York operates a public broadcast service, NYC Media ,  that has produced several original Emmy Award -winning shows covering music and culture in city neighborhoods and city government.
WBAI , with news and information programming, is one of the few socialist radio stations operating in the United States. New York is also a major center for non-commercial educational media. The oldest public-access television channel in the United States is the Manhattan Neighborhood Network , founded in WNYC , a public radio station owned by the city until , has the largest public radio audience in the United States. The city government pays the Pelham Public Schools to educate a very small, detached section of the Bronx.
Over , students are enrolled in New York City's over higher education institutions, the highest number of any city in the United States and higher than other major global cities like London  and Tokyo ,  including over half million in the City University of New York CUNY system alone in The city also has other smaller private colleges and universities, including many religious and special-purpose institutions, such as St. Much of the scientific research in the city is done in medicine and the life sciences. New York City has the most postgraduate life sciences degrees awarded annually in the United States, with Nobel laureates having roots in local institutions as of [update] ;  while in , 43, licensed physicians were practicing in New York City.
HHC's facilities annually provide millions of New Yorkers services interpreted in more than languages. Bellevue is the designated hospital for treatment of the President of the United States and other world leaders if they become sick or injured while in New York City. Crime has continued an overall downward trend in New York City since the s. In , New York City had the third lowest murder rate among the largest U.
Sociologists and criminologists have not reached consensus on the explanation for the dramatic decrease in the city's crime rate. Some attribute the phenomenon to new tactics used by the NYPD,  including its use of CompStat and the broken windows theory. A strong correlation was found demonstrating that violent crime rates in New York and other big cities began to fall after lead was removed from American gasoline in the s. The 20th century saw a rise in the Mafia , dominated by the Five Families , as well as in gangs , including the Black Spades. The Fire Department of New York FDNY , provides fire protection , technical rescue, primary response to biological, chemical, and radioactive hazards, and emergency medical services for the five boroughs of New York City.
The fire department faces multifaceted firefighting challenges in many ways unique to New York. In addition to responding to building types that range from wood-frame single family homes to high-rise structures , there are many secluded bridges and tunnels, as well as large parks and wooded areas that can give rise to brush fires. New York is also home to one of the largest subway systems in the world, consisting of hundreds of miles of tunnel with electrified track. New York City has been described as the cultural capital of the world by the diplomatic consulates of Iceland  and Latvia  and by New York's Baruch College.
Numerous major American cultural movements began in the city, such as the Harlem Renaissance , which established the African-American literary canon in the United States. New York has long had a flourishing scene for Jewish American literature. The city is the birthplace of many cultural movements, including the Harlem Renaissance in literature and visual art; abstract expressionism also known as the New York School in painting; and hip hop ,  punk , salsa , freestyle , Tin Pan Alley , certain forms of jazz , and along with Philadelphia disco in music.
New York City has been considered the dance capital of the world. New York Fashion Week is one of the world's preeminent fashion events and is afforded extensive coverage by the media. One of the most common traits attributed to New York City is its fast pace ,  which spawned the term New York minute. New York City has more than 2, arts and cultural organizations and more than art galleries of all sizes.
The advent of electric lighting led to elaborate theater productions, and in the s, New York City theaters on Broadway and along 42nd Street began featuring a new stage form that became known as the Broadway musical. Strongly influenced by the city's immigrants, productions such as those of Harrigan and Hart , George M. Cohan , and others used song in narratives that often reflected themes of hope and ambition. New York City itself is the subject or background of many plays and musicals.
Broadway theatre is one of the premier forms of English-language theatre in the world, named after Broadway , the major thoroughfare that crosses Times Square ,  also sometimes referred to as " The Great White Way ". Attendance in — stood at New York City is home to hundreds of cultural institutions and historic sites, many of which are internationally known. Ten museums occupy the length of this section of Fifth Avenue. In addition to other programming, the museums collaborate for the annual Museum Mile Festival, held each year in June, to promote the museums and increase visitation.
New York City's food culture includes an array of international cuisines influenced by the city's immigrant history. Central and Eastern European immigrants, especially Jewish immigrants from those regions, brought bagels , cheesecake , hot dogs , knishes , and delicatessens or delis to the city. Italian immigrants brought New York-style pizza and Italian cuisine into the city, while Jewish immigrants and Irish immigrants brought pastrami and corned beef , respectively.
Chinese and other Asian restaurants, sandwich joints, trattorias , diners , and coffeehouses are ubiquitous throughout the city.
Some 4, mobile food vendors licensed by the city, many immigrant-owned, have made Middle Eastern foods such as falafel and kebabs  examples of modern New York street food. The city is home to "nearly one thousand of the finest and most diverse haute cuisine restaurants in the world", according to Michelin. New York City is well known for its street parades , which celebrate a broad array of themes, including holidays, nationalities, human rights, and major league sports team championship victories.
The majority of parades are held in Manhattan. The primary orientation of the annual street parades is typically from north to south, marching along major avenues. The annual Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade is the world's largest parade,  beginning alongside Central Park and processing southward to the flagship Macy's Herald Square store;  the parade is viewed on telecasts worldwide and draws millions of spectators in person.
Ticker-tape parades celebrating championships won by sports teams as well as other heroic accomplishments march northward along the Canyon of Heroes on Broadway from Bowling Green to City Hall Park in Lower Manhattan. The New York area is home to a distinctive regional speech pattern called the New York dialect , alternatively known as Brooklynese or New Yorkese.
It has generally been considered one of the most recognizable accents within American English. This is often misperceived by speakers of other accents as a reversal of the er and oy sounds, so that girl is pronounced "goil" and oil is pronounced "erl"; this leads to the caricature of New Yorkers saying things like "Joizey" Jersey , "Toidy-Toid Street" 33rd St. The classic version of the New York City dialect is generally centered on middle and working-class New Yorkers. The influx of non-European immigrants in recent decades has led to changes in this distinctive dialect,  and the traditional form of this speech pattern is no longer as prevalent among general New Yorkers as it has been in the past.
Participation in professional sports in the city predates all professional leagues, and the city has been continuously hosting professional sports since the birth of the Brooklyn Dodgers in The city has played host to over forty major professional teams in the five sports and their respective competing leagues, both current and historic.
New York has been described as the "Capital of Baseball". Additionally, there have been 14 World Series in which two New York City teams played each other, known as a Subway Series and occurring most recently in No other metropolitan area has had this happen more than once Chicago in , St. Louis in , and the San Francisco Bay Area in The Yankees have won a record 27 championships,  while the Mets have won the World Series twice. Both teams moved to California in The metropolitan area is home to three National Hockey League teams.
The New Jersey Devils play at Prudential Center in nearby Newark, New Jersey and traditionally represent the counties of neighboring New Jersey which are coextensive with the boundaries of the New York metropolitan area and media market. The first national college-level basketball championship, the National Invitation Tournament , was held in New York in and remains in the city.
The Cosmos play their home games at James M. Boxing is also a prominent part of the city's sporting scene, with events like the Amateur Boxing Golden Gloves being held at Madison Square Garden each year. The city also hosted the U. Open golf tournament and the and PGA Championships, and has been host city for both events several times, most notably for nearby Winged Foot Golf Club.
Mass transit in New York City, most of which runs 24 hours a day, accounts for one in every three users of mass transit in the United States, and two-thirds of the nation's rail riders live in the New York City Metropolitan Area. The iconic New York City Subway system is the largest rapid transit system in the world when measured by stations in operation, with , and by length of routes. Nearly all of New York's subway system is open 24 hours a day, in contrast to the overnight shutdown common to systems in most cities, including Hong Kong ,   London , Paris , Seoul ,   and Tokyo.
Public transport is essential in New York City. New York City's commuter rail network is the largest in North America. The combined systems converge at Grand Central Terminal and Pennsylvania Station and contain more than stations and 20 rail lines. The Staten Island Railway rapid transit system solely serves Staten Island, operating 24 hours a day. New York's airspace is the busiest in the United States and one of the world's busiest air transportation corridors.
The three busiest airports in the New York metropolitan area include John F. The primary general aviation airport serving the area is Teterboro Airport. The Staten Island Ferry is the world's busiest ferry route , carrying over 23 million passengers from July through June on the 5. Other features of the city's transportation infrastructure encompass more than 12, yellow taxicabs ;  various competing startup transportation network companies ; and an aerial tramway that transports commuters between Roosevelt Island and Manhattan Island.
Ride-sharing services have become significant competition for cab drivers in New York. Despite New York's heavy reliance on its vast public transit system, streets are a defining feature of the city.
Manhattan's street grid plan greatly influenced the city's physical development. Several of the city's streets and avenues, like Broadway ,  Wall Street ,  Madison Avenue ,   and Seventh Avenue are also used as metonyms for national industries there: the theater, finance, advertising, and fashion organizations, respectively.
New York City also has an extensive web of expressways and parkways , which link the city's boroughs to each other and to northern New Jersey , Westchester County , Long Island , and southwestern Connecticut through various bridges and tunnels. Because these highways serve millions of outer borough and suburban residents who commute into Manhattan, it is quite common for motorists to be stranded for hours in traffic jams that are a daily occurrence, particularly during rush hour.
New York City is also known for its rules regarding turning at red lights. Unlike the rest of the United States, New York State prohibits right or left turns on red in cities with a population greater than one million, to reduce traffic collisions and increase pedestrian safety. In New York City, therefore, all turns at red lights are illegal unless a sign permitting such maneuvers is present. New York City is located on one of the world's largest natural harbors,  and the boroughs of Manhattan and Staten Island are primarily coterminous with islands of the same names, while Queens and Brooklyn are located at the west end of the larger Long Island, and The Bronx is located at the southern tip of New York State's mainland.
This situation of boroughs separated by water led to the development of an extensive infrastructure of well-known bridges and tunnels. The Verrazano-Narrows Bridge is the longest suspension bridge in the Americas and one of the world's longest.
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The towers of the Brooklyn Bridge are built of limestone , granite , and Rosendale cement, and their architectural style is neo-Gothic, with characteristic pointed arches above the passageways through the stone towers. This bridge was also the longest suspension bridge in the world from its opening until , and is the first steel-wire suspension bridge. The Queensboro Bridge is an important piece of cantilever architecture. The Manhattan Bridge , opened in , is considered to be the forerunner of modern suspension bridges , and its design served as the model for many of the long-span suspension bridges around the world; the Manhattan Bridge, Throgs Neck Bridge , Triborough Bridge , and Verrazano-Narrows Bridge are all examples of Structural Expressionism.
The Lincoln Tunnel , which carries , vehicles a day under the Hudson River between New Jersey and Midtown Manhattan, is the busiest vehicular tunnel in the world. The Holland Tunnel , connecting Lower Manhattan to Jersey City, New Jersey , was the world's first mechanically ventilated vehicular tunnel when it opened in Roosevelt was the first person to drive through it. New York City has focused on reducing its environmental impact and carbon footprint. New York's high rate of public transit use , over , daily cyclists as of [update] ,  and many pedestrian commuters make it the most energy-efficient major city in the United States.
The city government was a petitioner in the landmark Massachusetts v. The city is a leader in the construction of energy-efficient green office buildings , including the Hearst Tower among others. New York City is supplied with drinking water by the protected Catskill Mountains watershed. Newtown Creek , a 3.
New York City has been a metropolitan municipality with a mayor—council form of government  since its consolidation in In New York City, the city government is responsible for public education, correctional institutions, public safety, recreational facilities, sanitation, water supply, and welfare services.
This has important implications for our understanding of evolution. Glyphosate-resistance has independently evolved in two strains of Italian ryegrass Lolium multiflorum from Oregon and Chile. The mechanism of resistance was studied by Perez-Jones et al. In this case there are two different mechanisms of resistance. The strain from Chile had the same EPSP synthase mutation as that found in goosegrass proline for serine at position This is a new kind of resistance and it's not well understood at this time.
The rumors were so persistent that the magic crop was tested to see if it had been genetically engineered in a secret lab sponsored by the drug lords [ The Mystery of the Coca Plant That Wouldn't Die ]. The article reports that tests for C4 EPSP synthase were negative suggesting that the plants have acquired a natural resistance.
The implication is that the farmers' decentralized system of disseminating coca cuttings has been amazingly effective - more so than genetic engineering could hope to be. When one plant somewhere in the country demonstrated tolerance to glyphosate, cuttings were made and passed on to dealers and farmers, who could sell them quickly to farmers hoping to withstand the spraying.
The best of the next generation was once again used for cuttings and distributed. This technique - applied over four years - is now the most likely explanation for the arrival of Boliviana negra. By spraying so much territory, the US significantly increased the odds of generating beneficial mutations. There are numerous species of coca, further increasing the diversity of possible mutations. And in the Amazonian region, nature is particularly adaptive and resilient. They obviously spotted a lucky mutation and propagated the hell out of it. Sewer or hell.
On the ledge the letters, the names, like footprints of doves brought down by lightning. Burning candle. Better a candle, a humble candle, ancestral fire, set to the innocence of pain, to the announcement of abandonment. Nova York despois de morto-. Memoria ou desamparo. Sumidoiro ou inferno. Will He Cross? Everyman went to the pearly gates and tapped softly on the knocker.
The door, on a remote sensor, swung open, no Peter present—Heaven too has turned robotic— but Everyman became flustered visibly. Should he just stroll into the vacant firmament? Would a net appear and catch him, a handmaiden break his fall into a rocking chair endlessly whirring? The plans of God are inscrutable to the naked mind, a voice started to hiss between his earlobes. But Everyman knew this, knew it since his first holy communion—oh that fine-tasting wafer, husk of dark brown bread washed afterwards in wine at Saint James on Blandford Street. He wonders who has the contract now for the hosts?
Some European bakery, French most likely. All changed. Yet, he must plough onwards, even if removed from farming implements, early metaphors, elephants, paradise burning. Everyman will be renewed, speak a half-dozen UN languages, taste bread and call it bread, drink wine and name the varieties of grape, and the vineyard where all the flavors come to rest.
Everyman will clean himself, dress in a sparkling suit, quicklime, filigreed gossamer, spirit himself across the threshold. Manuel Iris Iris received the National award of poetry Merida Mexico, for his book Notebook of dreams, and the Regional award of poetry Rodulfo Figueroa for his book The disguises of fire Mexico, For the past five months I have been a witness of what happens there, under her hands.
For feeling that dance that bonds them to all beginnings. But the option does not exist and I do what I can: cooking, fulfilling cravings, writing a poem in which I say what I can see from this side of the skin in which mystery embodies itself. Edward van de Vendel mostly writes books for young adults and children. His work includes poetry, song lyrics, fiction, picture books and non-fiction. He was born in Leerdam, The Netherlands He was a teacher in elementary schools before he became a fulltime writer in His books were awarded with a number of awards, both in The Netherlands and abroad, and he was nominated for the Astrid Lindgren Memorial Award 3x.
His books are sold to more than fourteen countries. How can I not be more aware that this body in this bed makes sleep deeper and more beautiful, makes dreams more childlike? That this body next to mine is a weapon, warm and small, that drives my doubts out into night?
That this body next to mine is a levee and a flood, that holds back the tide while opening up my shores? I turn over. Your quiet body next to mine. I wrap my silent limbs around it. Soon we will wake and talk. On the border there are signs, an arrow that points the direction toward Mexico: south. I always run to put myself behind them hoping that this arrow fixes my steps hoping that the arrow will imprint itself on my forehead while it runs on continuing its route: south.
I run to put myself behind every sign hoping that the arrow will harpoon my crystal chest, shattering it into a thousand trails, hoping to swallow the arrow like a thorn, like an anchor. Which direction is Mexico: within. Alvaro Inostroza Bidart is a Chilean poet. He has participated in poetry festivals in several countries of Latin America. Jeannette L. She has dedicated a significant part of her career to the study of ancient philosophy and religion in Mexico, and has given seminars and lectures on the subject both in Mexico and abroad.
In , Ms. Clariond received a five-year grant from the Rockefeller Foundation to work alongside acclaimed critic, Harold Bloom, at Yale University. Desliz hacia la nada: el desierto presiente ya el temblor. Nuestras vidas se vuelven otras vidas, inacabado brillo de cristal. No, mancha, humo de imposible transcendencia, agua entre los robles. No historia, sino aliento en busca de reverdecidas ramas. De tus pupilas vi nacer el mar: claridad inefable.
El miedo es encontrar la propia semejanza. In the time between arising and disappearance snow dissolves rock. And the sound of the wind, unknown voices that freeze our fruitless actions. A sign a shot separates us from The Idea. Slipping toward the void: the desert senses the tremor. The newborn dew has become a brittle leaf.
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Are we history? No, stain, smoke of impossible transcendence, water among oaks. While we sip the cup of bitter coffee we linger over, inclining our faces. You cried, brilliance lost and in the dark with icy eyes I feared seeing an empty skiff in a waterless lake. In your eyes I saw the sea born: ineffable clarity. Interpreting dreams is our worst nightmare. Whom do we represent? Which part of the insect encases the poison?
Every season, like every word, brings its death —almost out of reach— refuge of scattered violets. And the Logos? Why should I want a Logos if what I seek is to house the light in other light? There, to nest in darkness. For him, Art is a mirror of sensations where the feelings, experiences and emotions of the reader-spectator-hearer, are reflected into that which the author has created. Tu carne es su piel. Su aliento, tu aliento socorrido.
Atormentada su conciencia por la noche. Para de nuevo provocar en este mundo el riego. The trees rumble in the conscience of the afternoon His words triumph Versified in the flesh. Leaves bleed clear drops… God looks direct into the Eye of the All sights, inside, into the guts. Do not cry, never again the lost cry. Your flesh is his skin. His breath, your rescued breath. And they will come.
They will come later Tormented their conscience by the night To provoke again in this world the irrigation. Inga Pizane born in Kraslava is a Latvian poet. Pizane has studied education in Latvia and Sweden, simultaneously attending lectures at the Literary Academy. Her first collection of poems titled You are no Snow Tu neesi sniegs was published in by Janis Roze. She has performed at the Poetry Days events, the European Poetry festival and other international workshops and festivals; and her work has appeared in theatre and radio.
She is currently preparing her second book of poems in Latvian. Her poetry has been translated into English, Welsh, Russian, and Ukrainian. The most beautiful rain is always the rain right after a play, as the audience leaves, each taking the performance in their own direction through Riga. We are two of those people. With eyes that are more energetic than usual, we grasp the darkness. It is October —the sidewalks are clad in fallen leaves— the silence is rhythmically interrupted by our steps. We look at one another, as if to be sure we are still next to each other, then satisfied look away from one another forever.
Last Friday, with a full house at Instituto Cervantes in New York, the organizers of The Americas Poetry Festival announced that Indian-American poet, filmmaker and professor, Michelle Yasmine Valladares had been distinguished with the Poet of the Year Award by this multilingual poetry festival. The festival featured sixty poets representing twenty-two countries and five languages. As in previous editions, Artepoetica Press published a multilingual anthology celebrating the festival.
The festival grows every year and is committed to cultural and literary inclusiveness. Her poems have been nominated for a Pushcart Prize. Sus poemas han sido nominados al Pushcart Prize. Gathering the Waters Jamii Publishing is her first poetry collection. Follow her KeishaGaye1 or visit her at keishagaye. Scott Hightower is the author of four books of poetry in the U. Tartessos, his second bilingual, is forthcoming, also from Devenir. My father believed in decency and fair play. My father drove the getaway. My father was a blue jay. My father drove the boys away. My father drove a Thunderbird, a Skylark, a Firebird, an old pickup truck.
My father drove hard bargains ever day; he was a force. My father.
He was passive, a little moody: rock… paper…. He loved me. He loved me not. He stomps and hurls lightning bolts. Has slipped away. Passed away. Taught me to pray. Because of him, I hoard things in an old shoe box. Because of him, I use. Because of him, I look to clocks. Because of my father, I have no use for similes. Because of my father, I hunger for my own catalog of metaphors.
Mi padre era un arrendajo azul. Mi padre. Era pasivo, algo impredecible: piedra… papel… tijeras. Aporrea el suelo y lanza rayos. Ha desfilado. Ha pasado al otro lado. His short story collection, The Haven of Distant Lands, is forthcoming. Arthur Jafa has a theory of fresh An aesthetics of fresh What is fresh? Is this poem fresh yet?
Nor am I as I write it. I am half asleep Awoken from a nightmare I have forgotten the nightmare Of my country Which has forgotten me And itself And the world And everything but the whiteness Of the house The plantation was not fresh The whip broke the air inside us And apologized for itself as it struck And drew blood that was fresh They know not what they do And that is not fresh I need to sleep I need to stop refreshing Twitter Neruda said political poems are not fresh Until you understand how fresh it is to love. Nadie se salva del recuerdo. These hands betray, uselessly sharpening the pencil to write the last line that searches for exile.
It trembles. The village can be seen submerged by the defeating commotion of the loudspeakers. Nobody is saved from the memory. This moment is intimately kept, and its scar is reopened with time. I have lived all of my deaths here. I moved all the pieces until I drowned the chessboard, the solution is not final; they will remain in the clouds, their voice in the loudspeaker, the drenched satisfaction of escaping unharmed, memory.
I exchanged moves, and that is how all the walls have a precise way of ending: we have lived in the reflection. On the seventh day the destruction began. I confirmed it over the loudspeaker, everything was empty. I separated my faith from my reason. He translated from French to Spanish an anthology of Belgian poets— Urnas y nupcias He is author of five books of criticism, most recently Las puertas del regreso.
On the right short sleeve of his khaki shirt how struck passersby were by the total absence of his arm. Yet he walked cheerfully and, taking small leaps, insisted on the toy that she should buy him. And she watched him smilingly, immensely happy, telling him a hundred times yes with her eyes and her lips.
She is an attorney, a writer and a translator. She is the author of eight books of essays and poetry, as well as of the first full translation of the Diwan-e-Ghalib into Spanish, soon to be published. It rained. Was it Friday, Thursday or maybe Sunday? Yes, it rained. The blurred sidewalks were lost In a silence as sharp as a scream. Was it late? In the air flickered affections, Gradually melting, suspended, Remote amulets of the past. Were we drowning In the cold? Was it the wait? At the platforms, furtive looks Appeared as the light sheets of a book, Barely noticed, already forgotten.
Santiago de Chile, Marked by the military dictatorship of September 11, The deep cultural effect of the 17 years of implementation of neoliberalism in Chile is incorporated in his writings. He has a list of publications of articles, essays, short stories and poetry.