Under this Policy, force includes the use of any of the following:. Coercion is to force one to act based on fear of harm to self or others. Means of coercion may include, but are not limited to, pressure, threats, or emotional intimidation. A hostile environment can be created by anyone involved in a University program or activity e. In determining whether sex-based harassment has created a hostile environment, the University considers the conduct in question from both a subjective and objective perspective. It will be necessary, but not enough, that the conduct was unwelcome to the student who was harassed.
The more severe the sex-based harassment, the less need there is to show a repetitive series of incidents to find a hostile environment. Indeed, a single instance of sexual assault may be sufficient to create a hostile environment. Likewise, a series of incidents may be sufficient even if the sex-based harassment is not particularly severe.
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Security Report Emergency Notification. Sexual Harassment 1. Definition of Sexual Harassment Sexual Harassment is unwelcome conduct of a sexual nature that has the effect of creating a hostile or stressful living, learning, or working environment, or whenever toleration of such conduct or rejection of it is the basis for an academic or employment decision affecting an individual. Forms of Prohibited Sexual Harassment.
Occur between persons of unequal power status, such as supervisor to subordinate, faculty member to student, coach to student-athlete, student leader to first-year student. Although sexual harassment often occurs in the context of an exploitation of power by the person with the greater power, a person who appears to have less power in a relationship can also commit sexual harassment such as a student harassing a faculty member.
Be committed by an acquaintance, a stranger, or someone with whom the complainant has or had a personal, intimate, or sexual relationship. Occur by or against a person of any sex, gender identity or expression, or sexual orientation. The following non-exhaustive list includes examples of behavior that could be considered sexual harassment: Unwelcome sexual innuendo, propositions, sexual attention, or suggestive comments and gestures. Unwelcome physical contact of a sexual nature, such as touching, hugging, kissing, patting, or pinching, that is uninvited and unwanted or unwelcome by the other person.
Insults and threats based on sex or gender; and other oral, written, or electronic communications of a sexual nature that a person communicates are unwelcome. Non-academic display or circulation of written materials or pictures degrading to a person s or gender group. Unwelcome attention, such as repeated inappropriate flirting, inappropriate or repetitive compliments about clothing or physical attributes, staring, or making sexually oriented gestures. Change of academic or employment responsibilities increase in difficulty or decrease of responsibility based on sex, gender identity or expression, or sexual orientation.
Use of a position of power or authority to: i threaten or punish, either directly or by implication, for refusing to tolerate harassment, for refusing to submit to sexual activity, or for reporting harassment; or ii promise rewards in return for sexual favors. Acts of verbal, nonverbal, or physical aggression, intimidation, or hostility based on sex or sex-stereotyping.
Organization of American States. Additional Resources. Surveys of National Laws. Community Policies. Police Protocols. Prosecution Protocols. Health Care Protocols. Protocols for Victim Support and Assistance. Training and Advocacy. Prevalence of Trafficking in Women. Causes and Contributing Factors. Effects and Consequences. Trafficking Routes. Trafficking Violates Women's Human Rights. Trafficking and Commercial Sexual Exploitation. Labor Trafficking and Forced Labor Exploitation.
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Debt Bondage and Trafficking in Women. Distinguishing Trafficking from Migration. Other Forms of Trafficking. Economic Factors. Demand for Women's Sexual Services. Domestic Violence as a Cause of Trafficking in Women. Organized Crime. Conflict Zones and Militarization. Government Policies and Practices. Health Consequences of Trafficking.
[Season 2] Ep. 30 - Unwelcome Guest (2) | Cheese in the Trap
Legal Consequences of Trafficking. Global Consequences of Trafficking. Protection, Support and Assistance of Victims. Prevention of Trafficking in Women. Return and Reintegration. Common Reactions. Legal Protection. Education and Awareness Raising. Training Programs and Technical Cooperation. International Trafficking Law. UN Human Trafficking Law. Historical Overview. Trafficking and Women's Human Rights. The Trafficking Protocol and Recent Initiatives. UN Peacekeeping Missions and Trafficking.
An Unwelcome Proposal
Stability Pact. Theories of Sexual Harassment. Prevalence of Sexual Harassment.
Effects of Sexual Harassment. Quid Pro Quo Sexual Harassment. Sexual Harassment and the Subordination of Women. Sexual Harassment is an Affront to Dignity. Violence and Power. Perpetuation of Gender Stereotypes. Economic Power Over Women. Prevention Mechanisms, Policies and Strategies. Prevention of Sexual Harassment. International Legal Framework. Domestic Legal Framework. List of Law and Policy Documents. Drafting Laws on Sexual Harassment. UN Conventions. UN Conference Documents. Special Rapporteur.
International Labor Organization. European Union Treaty Charter Obligations. EU Council and Parliamentary Resolutions. Approaches to and Remedies under Sexual Harassment Law. Employer Liability Standards. Guidelines for Drafting Sexual Harassment Laws. Civil Law. Criminal Law.
Domestic Legal Framework Around the World. Advocacy and Training. Prevalence of Sexual Assault.
Forms of Sexual Assault. Consequences of Sexual Assault. Types of Sexual Contact. Theories of Sexual Assault. Sexual Assault and Vulnerable Populations. Sexual Assault and Male Dominance. Sexual Assault and Cultural Norms.
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Sexual Assault and the Media. Biological Theories of Sexual Assault.
Custodial Sexual Assault. Sexual Assault Against Refugees. Sexual Assault During Armed Conflict. Date and Acquaintance Sexual Assault. Street Harassment. Sexual Assault in the Military. Prevalence of Street Harassment and its Consequences. Law and Policy on Street Harassment. International Prevalence of Sexual Assault in the Military. Secondary Victimization. Health Consequences of Sexual Assault. Victim Reactions to Sexual Assault. Consequences of Sexual Assault on the Community.
Coordinated Crisis Intervention. Sexual Assault Advocacy Programs. Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners. Sexual Assault Response Teams. Coordinating Councils. Health Care Provider Responses. National Sexual Assault Laws. Drafting Laws on Sexual Assault. Criminal Law and Procedure. Evidentiary Issues and Forensic Medical Institutes.
Law Enforcement and Prosecutions. Civil Remedies. Ad Hoc International Tribunals. International Criminal Court. UN Special Rapporteurs. Laws in the United States. Other Approaches to Sexual Assault Law. Prosecutor Protocols. Defining the Prohibited Contact. Force and Resistance Requirements.
Consent and Mens Rea. Procedural Obstacles. Other Law Reform Efforts. Legal Protection and Support for Victims. Crimes Committed in the Name of "Honor". Dowry-Related Violence. Female Environmental Refugees. Female Genital Mutilation. Forced and Child Marriage. Gender-Based Asylum. Harmful Practices. Indigenous Women. Maltreatment of Widows. Violence Against the Girl Child. Women and Armed Conflict. Women with Disabilities.
Causes and Risk Factors. Governmental and Non-Governmental Response. Governmental and Nongovernmental Response. Governmental and Non-governmental Response. Government Response. NGO Response. Consequences and Effects. Obstetric Fistula. International and Domestic Law and Policy. Forced and Child Marriage Prevention. Government and NGO Response. United Kingdom.
United States. Breast Ironing. Bride Kidnapping. Forced Pregnancy. Son Preference. Stoning or Flogging of Women. Virginity Tests. Defining Discrimination against Women and Widows. Governmental and NGO Response. Government and NGO Responses. NGO and Governmental Response. Consequences and Effects on Women. Our Work.