Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine ,Vol. Bologna: Patron; London: The Herbert press; Int J Food Sci Technol , Al- Azhar Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences , J Sci Food Agric , Padova: Piccin; Koenigstein: Koeltz Scientific Books; Roma: CISU; Inform Bot Ital , J Ethnopharmacol , Phytochemistry , Econ Bot , Phytochem Anal , California: Rocklin; Fitoterapia , Bologna: Edagricole; L'uso tradizionale delle piante nel territorio di Mistretta Messina.
QuadBot Ambientale Appl , Demomedicina nell'alta Umbria. Perugia: Provincia di Perugia; Pharmazie , Am J Clin Nutr , J Essent Oil Res , Tetrahedron , Intern J Food Sci Nutr , Fitosociologia , L'Estremo Ponente. Proceedings of the Seventh International Congress of Ethnobiology. Planta Medica , Webbia , Rapid Commun in Mass Spectrom , Sardegna sud-occidentale.
Cagliari: Stef; Bollettino Accademia Gioenia Sci Nat , 27 Int J Pharmacog , Erboristeria Domani , 7— Castrovillari Cosenza : Prometeo; Roma: Tipar. Pisa: Pacini; Volume 1—3. J Agr Food Chem , Amministrazione comunale di Maratea. Mercurialis sp. Morus sp. Musa sp. Myosotis sp. Narcissus sp. Nauclea sp. Nepeta sp. Ocimum tenuiflorum. Opopanax horridum.
Origanum dictamnus. Paeonia officinalis. Parthenocissus sp. Pausinystallia yohimbine. Peumus boldus. Phytolacca sp. Picea abies. Polypodium leucotomos. Populus sp. Psilocybe sp. Psoralea cordifolia. Pulmonaria sp. Ranunculus sp. Rivea corymbosa. Roccella tinctoria. Rosa canina bedeguar. Rosa sp. Rudbeckia fulgida ea.
Salacia oblonga. Salvia taraxacifolia. Santolina sp. Schisandra chinensis. Scrophularia sp. Sequoiadendron giganteum Buchh. Silene capensis.
Index of /page_3
Silene sp. Synsepalum dulciferum. Syringa species. Toona sinensis. Veratrum species. Verbena bonariensis. Wedelia calendulacea Less. Valeriaan in ajurveda. Kruiden en ecologie. Jekka's Herb Farm. Juniper Ridge. Alternatieve huisapotheek. Ayurveda en kruiden. De plant als bouwmeester. Indische planten. Lehrbuch phytotherapie.
Melancholie der liefde. Planten voor het volk. Oude kruidenboeken. Planten en hun naam. Alchemilla sp. Arnica montana. Artemisia absinthium. Astragalus membranaceus Fisch. Brassica campestris. Capsella bursa pastoris. Citrus aurantium ssp. Cnicus benedictus L. Cucurbita sp. Curcuma species. Echinacea species. Eucalyptus species. Foeniculum vulgare Mill. Ginkgo biloba. Hypericum perforatum L.
Lavandula species. Levisticum officinale.
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Melissa officinalis. Pausinystalia yohimbe. Plantago ovata. Plantago sp. Rosa canina L. Rubus idaeus.
Sambucus nigra. Symphytum officinalis L. Tanacetum parthenium. Taraxacum officinale Weber. Thymus vulgaris. Vitex agnus castus. Kruidenmonografie Hoffman. Kruidenmonografie Kommission E. Kruidenmonografie Madaus. Kruidenmonografie WHO. Aloe vera. Arctium lappa. Atropa belladonna. Ocimum basilicum. Silybum marianum. Kruidenteelt Frankrijk.
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Couleur Garance. De Kruidhof. Kruidig wandelen. Kruidige siertuin. Herbs and Healers Meyler's Side Effects of Herbal Medicines. Principles and Practice of Phytotherapy. The Fungal Pharmacy. Materia medica: adaptogenen. Monografie NCCM at a glance. Saussurea costus. Specerijen algemeen. Tijdschrift Aromatherapie. Tijdschrift Arts, therapeut en apotheker.
Tijdschrift Arznei- und Gewurzpflanzen. Tijdschrift La Garance voyageuse. Tijdschrift Fytotherapie. Le Roy Louis. Vroegere activiteiten tot Gezondheidsclaims op voedingsproducten. Rapport Nederland Europa. Wetgeving en plantenlijst alfabetisch. Wetgeving Frankrijk. Wetgeving voedingssupplementen. Boeken over voedsel in de natuur.
Vlierbessensaus op zijn Engels. Zaadcatalogen en zaadbanken. Coprinus sp. Ganoderma lucidum. Hallucinogene paddenstoelen. Over de reklame We kunnen deze website in stand houden dankzij de inkomsten uit advertenties. We krijgen een klein bedrag voor de advertenties waarop onze bezoekers klikken. Deze inkomstenbron is een kleine maar fijne ondersteuning van ons werk. Als je een adblocker gebruikt, en deze website prijs stelt, dan kun je ons steunen als je ons toevoegt aan de lijst met websites waarvan je de advertenties toestaat.
Met een rechtermuisklik op het icoontje van je blocker en af en toe eens op de interessante advertenties klikken, zorgt er voor dat we kunnen blijven bestaan. En ja, het kost jou niks. Alvast bedankt. Plazilla Volg ons op Plazilla. Etnobotanie is de studie van de relatie tussen planten en mensen. Het is afgeleid van 'etno' studie van mensen en 'botanie' studie van planten. Etnobotanie bestudeert de complexe relaties tussen gebruik van planten en culturen. Etnobotanie richt zich op hoe planten werden of worden gebruikt in menselijke samenlevingen en omvat planten gebruikt voor voeding, geneeskunde, voor de bouw, gereedschappen, geld, kleding, rituelen, sociaal leven en muziek.
Literatuur Amazonian ethnobotanical dictionary. Duke, R. Vasquez - Chinese geneeskrachtige planten. De Driehoek - A. Dharma - 90 4. Chinese herbal medicine. Reid - C. Publications - 0 4. Die Apotheke Manitous H. Stammel -. Wunderlich - 3 X. Maori Healing and Herbal. Murdock Riley -Viking Sevenseas N. Ltd - 0 5. Medicinal plants of India S. Jain , R. Defillips -. Over de planten der goden. E Schultes, A. Hofmann - Spectrumboek - 90 3. Plantes medicinales africaines. Ellipses - 2 3 2 delen. Pousset - Rainforest Remedies.
Schors - R. Arvigo, M. Balick - 90 9. The healing forest. Schultes - Zulu Medicinal Plants : An Inventory. Scott, G. Lewis en A. Cunningham - 0 De organisatie richt zich op de promotie van wetenschappelijk onderzoek, onderwijs en gerelateerde activiteiten met betrekking tot vroegere, huidige en toekomstige toepassingen van planten en de relatie tussen planten en mensen.
Tevens heeft de organisatie als doel om resultaten van onderzoek beschikbaar te maken voor de wetenschappelijke gemeenschap en het algemene publiek door bijeenkomsten en publicaties. De mensen die lid zijn van de organisatie houden zich onder meer bezig met botanische, fytochemische en etnobotanische studies van nutsgewassen en planten met mogelijke, nog onvoldoende onderzochte toepassingen. Elk jaar wordt er een nieuwe voorzitter verkozen.
De SEB organiseert elk jaar een symposium met een bepaald thema met betrekking tot economische botanie. Comparisons with and analysis of other ethnobotanical studies previously carried out in other Piemontese and surrounding areas, show that approximately one fourth of the botanical taxa quoted in this survey are also known in other surrounding Occitan valleys.
It is also evident that traditional knowledge in the Varaita valley has been heavily eroded. This study also examined the local legal framework for the gathering of botanical taxa, and the potential utilization of the most quoted medicinal and food wild herbs in the local market, and suggests that the continuing widespread local collection from the wild of the aerial parts of Alpine wormwood for preparing liqueurs Artemisia genipi, A.
Background In recent years, only a few ethnobotanical researches in the Alps have focused on the interaction between plant resources and human societies within ethnic minority groups [ 1 - 6 ]. Furthermore, the Alps represent one of the most interesting but least studied regions in Europe, particularly with regard to the exploration of tangible and intangible cultural heritage related to TK of plants, even though the potential outputs of such researches could be important in sustainability projects focused on organic farming, home gardens, local foods, eco-tourism, eco-gastronomy, and eco-museology; and even though climate change may have a tremendous impact on Alpine biodiversity and related ethnobotanical resources [ 14 ].
Although a number of ethnobotanical inventories were compiled during the past 50 years in a few other Occitan [ 15 - 20 ], Franco-Provencal and Walser Alpine [ 21 - 23 ] valleys in Piedmont and the surrounding areas [ 24 - 26 ], no field ethnobotanical studies had been conducted in the Varaita valley. Instead only a few linguistic [ 27 ] and ethnographic researches [ 28 - 32 ] took place. In Italy, "Occitan" languages are spoken in a dozen of valleys in the Western Alps in the Piedmont region [ 34 ], where the interest of the media has been concentrated in recent years on tracing this disappearing culture [ 35 ], and within a small enclave in Southern Italy i.
Guardia Piemontese in the Calabria region. The valley is crossed by an homonymous alpine torrent, which is 75 km long and springs from the slopes of the mountain, Monviso, in the Cottian Alps near the French border, and enters the Po River near Casalgrasso. From the beginning of the 12th century until , most of the Varaita valley was part of the small but influential marquisate of Saluzzo.
The upper Varaita valley, called Chastelada, had a different fate however. This federation was a good example of enlightened and progressive self-government [ 28 ]. After , the upper valley had a quite complex history due to its location on the border of Italy and France.
It was the locus of continuous military incursions in the 18th Century from the French side, and in the 19th and most of the 20th century it saw much intensive smuggling activity. Figure 1. Location of the study area. At present, only mainly elderly persons still live year round in the upper part of the Valley. Bellino m a. Chianale m a. The hamlets of Bellino and Chianale are among the smallest Alpine villages in Italy numbering approx. Figure 2. Regarding vegetation, the upper Varaita valley presents mainly the association Rhododendro-Vaccinietum cembretosum characterized by Rhododendron ferrugineum, Vaccinium myrtillus and, to a lesser extent, V.
The local economy of the upper valley is based on traditional agro-pastoral activities cow breeding , but this is carried out in only a minor way. There is some tourism, especially in the summer alpine walking and trekking. Almost all of the few middle-aged and younger members of the community are employed in the lower part of the valley. Traditional cultivation of local staples rye, barley, buckwheat had disappeared by the 's and home gardens these days are managed as a secondary activity only.
Detailed information was sought about the plants' vernacular names, and particularly their past and present uses. Figure 3. Documentation of a few interviews conducted during the field study photo: Nicola Robecchi. Prior informed consent PIC was obtained verbally before commencing each interview, and ethical guidelines adopted by International Society of Ethnobiology [ 37 ] were followed. The quoted botanical species were identified using Pignatti's Flora d'Italia [ 38 ] with the help of a recent standard work on Alpine flora [ 39 ] , and systematically framed as suggested by the most recent checklist of Italian vascular flora [ 40 ].
Voucher specimens of the wild taxa were collected, and they are now deposited at the Herbarium of the University of Gastronomic Sciences. However, given the tremendous heterogeneity of the methodological approaches adopted in all these previous studies in which the number of informants was rarely reported, and in a few cases even the names of the villages visited were omitted , it was impossible to carry out a proper statistical analysis aimed at capturing similarities between our data and the data occurring in the ethnobotanical literature i.
Achillea herba-rotta All.
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Dried flowering aerial parts figure 4 : tea or macerated in alcohol as a digestive, for treating toothache and headaches, as a mild tranquillizer, or an emmenagogue. Topical application with butter and heated paper, which is then covered with a piece of woollen cloth for treating bad coughs.
Dried flowering tops of Achillea herba-rotta. Achillea millefolium L. Ervo taiouro. Dried flowering aerial parts: tea as an anti-haemorrhoidal humans or an anti-diarrheic cattle. Fresh aerial parts: topically applied as a cicatrizing agent. Gunnellettes plural. Dried leaves: use not recalled. Traded in the past. Fresh bulbs: consumed in salads and as a seasoning in the local cuisine. Fresh whole plant: traditionally consumed mixed in a kind of maize polenta. Fresh bulbs: as a seasoning in the local cuisine rare. In the past made into necklaces and worn by children as a treatment for worms.
Fresh leaves: added in pancakes bignes as a seasoning. To be avoided by cows and sheep, as the milk takes on a horrible taste. Piot de chat. Dried flowering aerial parts: tea as a digestive. Dried flowers: macerated in alcohol or in oil and applied externally for treating bruises. Traded now and in the past. Erbio bioncho, Ousenzo.
Dried aerial parts: put in cattle stables and in wardrobes as an anti-parasitic or to drive away moths. Tea used as an anti-hypertensive, digestive, and an antihelminthic for children. Dried flowering aerial parts: tea as a panacea especially against coughs and as a digestive. Macerated in alcohol as a digestive. Traded in the past and now illegally. Artemisia genipi. Artemisia glacialis L. Asteraceae Figure 6. Dried flowering aerial parts: tea as a panacea rare.
Artemisia glacialis. Artemisia umbelliformis Lam.
Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, Center for Systems Biology
Asteraceae Figure 7. Wild and cultivated. Dried flowering aerial parts: macerated in alcohol as a digestive. Artemisia umbelliformis. Artemisia vulgaris Asteraceae. Dried aerial parts: tea used as an emmenagogue women and to facilitate calving cows. Cultivated in the past.
Fruit used as fodder for animals. Fruiting body: consumed rare. Fresh aerial parts: consumed in soups and as fodder for animals. Often harvested during the snow season and stewed with anchovies sancraou. Fresh tubers: eaten raw, or boiled, also in the dough of the ravioles small dumplings made with flour, potatoes and alpine hut cheese, tumo. These uses are recalled as occurring only in the past. Fresh flower receptacle as a snack. Dried flowering aerial parts are hung on the outside door year round and used to forecast weather.
Chimmel, Serieis. Dried fruits: tea or macerated in alcohol as a digestive. Added to food as a seasoning especially meat and poultry, particularly rabbit, or sarass, a local fermented and spiced ricotta cheese. Acharius Parmeliaceae. Dried thallus: tea as a bechic. Erbo de Santo Mario. Fresh latex: topically applied for treating warts. Bies, Zerbes, Orle plural. Fresh young leaves: consumed boiled in soups and in omelettes. Also preserved in salt. Fodder for cows reputed to be good as a "cleansing" agent.
Topically applied for treating skin inflammation caused by stinging nettle. Fresh flower receptacle, consumed raw as a snack. Fresh young leaves: boiled in soups. Fresh flower receptacles as a snack. Dried flowering aerial parts are hung on an outside door year round and used to forecast weather. Roots: tea as a depurative. Erbo vieio. Furmetin, Pignoulet. Fruits: ground into flour and used as the main ingredient in the local polenta, often prepared by alternating layers of polenta with layers of local cheese tumo and butter, or sometimes even adding potatoes and leeks. Ambourses plural , Mourso.
Fruits: consumed as a snack. Chaousso de cucu. Dried leaves: tea as a digestive and anti-hypertensive. Dried flowers: macerated in alcohol or wine, as a digestive. Decoction used to enhance rumination in cows. Fresh aerial parts: to be avoided as fodder hay would remain humid and be of a very poor quality. Folk species: Brins, Brens. Fruits: crushed and used as fodder for hens; the bran used as fodder for cattle. Traditionally consumed as main ingredient in a particular kind of polenta poouties. Fruits: roasted and ground, in decoction, as a "coffee substitute". Erbo di San Juan.
Fresh flowering aerial parts: macerated in oil for treating burns. Nounzal tree. Kernels: pressed to obtain the oil, which was commonly used in the past in the local cuisine. Dried fruits: used as a seasoning or macerated in grappa as a digestive. Presl Leguminosae. Fresh flowering aerial parts bindareles : put in the hen house to deter lice and flies.
Melze, Merze. Resin: topically applied as a cicatrizing agent. Seeds: ground and the flour used in the past for preparing a kind of polenta. Lentie plural. Seeds: in soups, or traditionally consumed as main ingredient in a particular kind of polenta poouties. Seeds: as fodder for calves. Mixed with water, heated and externally applied on the chest for treating colds and coughs.
Fresh leaves: tea, also used in gargles, as an anti-inflammatory. Boiled in soups. Cultivated in home gardens. Fresh leaves: tea as a digestive. Also as a seasoning for pancakes bignes. Aerial parts: to be avoided as they are "poisonous".
Liliaceae s. Susarelo, Joes de mel, Fior del mel. Flowers: sucked as a snack by children in the past. Fresh leaves: consumed in salads. Erbo da chat. Dried aerial parts: tea as a mild tranquillizer. Fresh and dried aerial parts: highly valued fodder for animals. Fresh leaves: fodder for hens. Koch Asteraceae. Fresh root reis : decoction or directly administered crushed and mixed with salt as a digestive for cattle and sheep.
Protocols and Video Articles Authored by Li Zhang (Translated to Italian)
Seeds: pressed to obtain oil in the past. Cones: macerated in alcohol as a digestive. Not local; bought in shops. Dried fermented fruits: boiled in milk and butter for treating coughs. Dried leaves: tea as an appetizer and digestive for calves only. Fresh leaves: topically applied with cream from cows' milk and bread or clay as a suppurative also for cows, especially for treating inflamed hooves.
Zonbuines plural , Lingo boino, Linboina.