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Biomimetic design: 10 examples of nature inspiring technology - BBC Science Focus Magazine
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Reality Check How can I reduce the amount that ends up in landfill? You may like. Future Technology. Human immortality Can science defeat death? A brief history of Nintendo consoles. Eastern Screech Owls like to take over woodpecker nests that have been dug out over the years in pine trees, which are the main species of tree at this swamp. Fish and wildlife also paint a white ring around the base of a tree that has active nests in order to avoid when conducting controlled burns. Screech owls can range in height anywhere from inches, so you have to have a sharp eye to find these little birds of prey.
I spent the first few weeks of April this year photographing the grey morph screech owl that was living in the nest and had no idea there were three owlets inside. While photographing hummingbirds in British Columbia I shot this male Rufous just as he fanned out to show his authority when another male Rufous appeared over my head.
Taken at Mishima town in Fukushima pref. The first train goes across the railway bridge through in morning mist. The train moves forward little by little, slowly. Carezza Lake is a pearl of the Dolomiti. Nestled between an ancient forest of grand firs and the Latemar Mountain is a place of legends and beauty. A nymph lives under its emerald waters. I threw a little stone in the water to add a little mystery to the scene. Related: 's best wildlife photography Nat Geo's travel photo contest. The A. George Dvorsky. South of the village of Doolin in County Clare, the Cliffs of Moher rise meters above the Atlantic Ocean and stretch for eight kilometers.
They are one of Ireland's biggest natural tourist attractions, but they also attract Atlantic puffins, razorbills and other wild birds. The Cliffs of Moher are an kilometer drive southwest of Galway. Skaftafell National Park , Iceland. Formed over millions of years by volcanic eruptions, rivers and glaciers, the Skaftafell National Park in southern Iceland has a variety of striking landscapes. These include an overhanging wall of geometric black basalt rocks on the Svartifoss waterfall, which inspired the architecture of Reykjavik's National Theatre, and the majestic Skaftafellsjokull glacier that seems to have frozen in mid-flow.
Drive Road 1 for kilometers east of Reykjavik. Buses from Reykjavik run to the park in summer. Self-guided hikes of Skaftafell are outlined on the official website. At an altitude of 3, meters above sea level, Lake Titicaca is one of the largest lakes in South America by volume. It is also the highest commercially navigated lake in the world and is home to indigenous people including the Aymara and the Quechua. Its vast expanse of water is often cloaked in light mist and has inspired numerous local legends.
Biomimetic design: 10 examples of nature inspiring technology
Wadden Sea , Germany and the Netherlands. It's also home to migratory birds. Go there and you'll feel a million miles from anywhere else on earth and about as small as one of the clams at your feet. This kilometer stretch of coast lies between the towns of Den Helder in the Netherlands and Niebull in Germany. After trains and caves, here's another way to get underground.
You can cruise down the river in a canoe. Watch out for the Palawan stink badger, an adorable little skunk that lives in the area. The underground river is 76 kilometers northwest of Puerto Princesa city on the western coast of Palawan. Best beaches and islands in the Philippines. Plitvice Lakes , Croatia. This series of shallow lakes in the heart of Croatia are a nature lover's paradise, with clear waters pooled in between rocky canyons and dramatic waterfalls gushing over cliff edges. Wooden walkways make access to Plitvice Lakes for visitors.
Swimming is forbidden inside the national park, but there are places for a dip outside, such as Korana Village. Look out for freshwater fish and brown bears in the surrounding hills.
The park is a two-hour drive north of Zadar. There are also good bus services. Guided tours for groups are available on request -- see website. More water than you'll bathe in, drink and flush in your lifetime. The Zambeze River cascades over a cliff stretching more 1. With its highest-ever recorded flow rate of 12, cubic meters per second, a lot of water makes the meter drop into the Zambeze's gorges.
Swimmers can take a dip in Devil's Pool when water levels aren't too high -- it's right on the edge of the waterfall. Check safety notices first. Visit the falls from Livingstone in Zambia. The remote headland in Brittany really does feel like the end of the world its name is derived from the Latin finis terrae. In front lies the Atlantic Ocean, while along the coast natural rocky harbors and inlets create a rugged landscape. Tourists flock to Pointe du Raz, which points like a craggy finger at a lighthouse in often choppy waters, but on sunny days the abers are peaceful and protected from the elements.
Accessible from Brest, Brittany. Fernando De Noronha , Brazil. Fernando De Noronha is an archipelago of 21 tropical islands, kilometers from mainland Brazil, is famed for its idyllic sandy beaches, marine life and hiking trails. The island life wasn't always a paradise. Between the late 18th century and there was a prison on the main island. Made up of nearly 3, individual reefs, the Great Barrier Reef off the coast of Queensland extends for 2, kilometers and is the world's largest structure made of living organisms. It's even visible from space.
But the reef is threatened by climate change and coral bleaching that occurs when water temperatures rise. Base your visit from any of the towns on the east coast of Queensland between Gladstone and Thursday Island. Choose a tour operator approved by the Marine Park authority.
This vast karst landscape of limestone plateaus and more than caves is home to the world's highest stalagmite. The kilometer Baradla-Domica cave stretches over the Hungary-Slovakia border. The Gombasek cave is probably the more photographed, with its impressive rock formations giving it the feel of a fairy tale city. Drive kilometers northeast of Budapest to the Aggteleki National Park.
It's actually a small active volcano inside the much larger caldera of an ancient extinct volcano. While the volcano is still active and has recently been closed off to the public, it's still a point of pilgrimage for Javanese Hindus, who congregate every year in the Kasada festival, during which live chickens are thrown into the crater.
Travel to Mount Bromo by train or bus from Surubaya, or hire a car and do the two-three hour drive. Freycinet National Park , Tasmania, Australia. Worst thing about Wineglass Bay -- the water sports that make you feel lazy. Freycinet's white sand beach at Wineglass Bay, pink granite rock formations and Hazards peaks are among Tasmania's most stunning coastal scenery.
The park is northeast of Hobart. Hiking, snorkeling, kayaking and boating are popular pastimes, but so is lying on the beach and admiring the scenery. Spirit of Tasmania run a night ferry from Melbourne to Devonport. Iguazu National Park , Argentina. The Iguazu River drops up to 82 meters over a 2. The waterfalls are accessible from Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay. A walk through the national park will take you not only to the Devil's Throat and close to the curtain of water, it will also give you a chance to spot coral trees, butterflies, toucans and hummingbirds.
Buses travel from most cities in the region to Puerto Iguazu, or you can fly to Iguazu International Airport. Spiky limestone rock formations and mangrove forests are part of the tropical and otherworldly landscape of the Tsingy de Bemaraha nature reserve on the western side of Madagascar.
The reserve is home to chameleons, lemurs and endangered birds. Also part of the landscape is the Manambolo River, which runs red with eroded sediment from the highlands of Madagascar. The reserve is kilometers west of Antananarivo. In , a group of miners tunneling in the Naica mine, in the Mexican state of Chihuahua, found an underground cavern containing giant selenite crystals -- some as long as 11 meters. The size and beauty of these gypsum crystals brought the Cave of Crystals instant fame. But the future of the cave is uncertain. While access is currently possible for short periods, the cave may be closed and flooded in the future to stop the crystals from disintegrating.
The Naica mine is kilometers southeast of the city of Chihuahua. The Bay of Fundy , Canada. One of four places on Earth with extreme tidal highs and lows, the Bay of Fundy sees a vertical rise in sea level of as much as 17 meters twice a day. More than billion tons of seawater rush in and out of the bay daily, sculpting unique basalt shapes out of the rocks along the coast. Travel between the bay's islands and coastal towns is possible by small car ferry. Thousands of small islands and standing stacks, or karsts, overgrown with green shrubbery, protrude from Halong Bay, a peaceful bay. The popular way to explore is in a traditional Chinese trading ship -- the brown-paneled sails of the junks have become as much a part of the landscape as the towering rocks.
Most visitors to Halong Bay come via Hanoi -- kilometers away, or five to six hours on a public bus. Private cars can be hired.