The Globe and Mail, May 2, Kirkup, Kristy 12 November CBC Ne. His latest world championship victory came against Camden Riviere at Queens Club, London, just two days before his 50th birthday. The defence was against Tim Chisholm in the latter's third consecutive challenge. In May he retained his title for a record ninth time, defeating Steve Virgona 7 sets to 2. He was Minister of Pensions between and , and was briefly Minister of Colonies in When he was born his parents already had two sons and four daughters, all of whom would later enter trades or shops.
He apprenticed with a tailor, then joined the army. During World War I —18 he was wounded in the face, and part of his jaw had to be replaced. A daughter was born in and a son in The bomb was released due to engine troubles, and then was destroyed in a non-nuclear detonation before it hit the ground. Lawrence River.
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The plutonium core "pit" , which is the key component for a nuclear reaction and detonation, was not installed in the bomb at the time. The absence of the core probably was because of its high cost and relative scarcity at the time. Stanley Patrick Johnson born 18 August is a British author and former politician. He has written books on environmental and population issues. Stanley's father was born in in Bournemouth, in Hampshire, and his. It is the second largest river in Quebec, surpassed only by the Saint Lawrence River.
At one time, this river was known as the "Fort George River". The Hudson's Bay Company operated a trading post on. As of January , it had a population of , Slavery was abolished on 20 December a date celebrated yearly on the island , when the French Second Republic abolished slavery in the French colonies. The island became an overseas department of France in As in France, the official language is French. Like the other four overseas departments, it is also one of the 18 regions of France, with the modified status of overseas reg. Lewis, c. In , he was apprenticed to the leading bookbinder Henry Walther.
After he had spent five years in the forwarding department, Walther refused his request to enter the finishing shop, and so Lewis practised fine work on his own account, into the small hours. With C.
Kalthoeber he was employed by William Beckford on the Fonthill Abbey library. Thomas Frognall Dibdin was an admirer of his work and character, and recommended him to other bibliophiles. He was succeeded by his eldes. Port-Cartier had a population of 6, at the Canadian census. History In , Colonel Robert R. McCormick, owner of the Chicago Tribune, visited the Rochers River area to evaluate its forest potential. Soon after, a settlement was established on the west side of the mouth of this river, originally called Shelter Bay. Yet the exhau. Bourbonnais Creole is a group of French-based creole languages spoken in the western Indian Ocean.
The close relation of the languages is a consequence of the similar historical and cultural backgrounds of the islands. Another name is Mascarene Creole, derived from the main island group associated with these languages. Paris: Champion, tomes I-II. Isle de France Creole: Affinities and origins. Ann Arbor:Karoma.
Faine, Jules Tome I: le mauricien. Parkvall, Mikael Out of Africa: African influences in Atla. He joined the Resistance from , took part in the Indochina and Algeria Wars. Resistance activities In , he was called up as an instructor for Cadets de Saumur. He was injured during the fighting for Pont de Gennes, then demobilised and returned to his position as literatur professor in the Saint-Joseph Jesuit Day School in Lyon.
In early , he abandoned propaganda for action and became liaison officer for Jean Moulin, General Charles de Gaulle's representative in France and the leader of the internal Resistance. After a first airdrop, he was arrested and detained four months by Vichy France police.
Upon his release, he continued his mission. It was in prime fur country and produced most of the beaver and otter pelts in the Assiniboine district. Many of the furs likely came from the forested area to the east that is now Duck Mountain Provincial Park Saskatchewan. His more famous son was born here in It was closed in and burned down in It was located about 9 miles south southeast of Kamsack, Saskatchewan and west of Togo, Saskatchewan. This work demonstrated that it was a solidly built establi.
Fairmont Tremblant, Québec
Retrieved 25 April A French creole, or French-based creole language, is a creole language contact language with native speakers for which French is the lexifier. French-based creole languages are spoken natively by millions of people worldwide, primarily in the Americas and on archipelagos throughout the Indian Ocean. This article also contains information on French pidgin languages, contact languages that lack native speakers. These contact languages are not to be confused with contemporary non-creole French language varieties spoken overseas in, for example, Canada mostly in Quebec and the Maritime Provinces , the Canadian Prairie provinces, Louisiana, northern New England Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont.
Haitian Creole is the most widely-spoken creole influenced by French. Classification Americas Varieties with progressive aspect marker ape Haitian. Labeled "aviso-escorteur" fr: "sloop-escort" , they were designed to perform the role of overseas patrol in peacetime and anti-submarine escort in wartime. Like Guadeloupe, it is an overseas region of France, consisting of a single overseas department. Like the other overseas departments, Martinique is one of the eighteen regions of France being an overseas region and an integral part of the French Republic.
As part of France, Martinique is part of the European Union, and its currency is the euro. He spent three days there. She fought primarily in the Battle of the Atlantic as a convoy escort. Background Flower-class corvettes like Riviere du Loup serving with the Royal Canadian Navy during the Second World War were different from earlier and more traditional sail-driven corvettes. About of them come from overseas, from 50 countries. It was closed in and burned down in It was located about 9 miles south southeast of Kamsack, Saskatchewan and west of Togo, Saskatchewan.
This work demonstrated that it was a solidly built establishment with several episodes of construction as it was expanded through the years. This work demonstrated that it was a solidly built establi. Fur trading on the Assiniboine River and the general area west of Lake Winnipeg began as early as Geography Assiniboine River Lake Winnipeg was a major junction for the fur trade routes. See Canadian canoe routes early. McLean in " Twenty-five years service " mentions it as a small post in Appears on Arrowsmith maps No.
Old French trading post at mouth of Betsiamites river, north shore of lower St. The present village and river are named Bersimis in White's Place names of Quebec, but are called Betsiamites on Government map of It is not included in Bougainville's list , but is shown on Del'isle map No. It has remained in operation to date. Shown on Rinfret map of Gulf of St. Built by the Hudson's Bay Co. The trade of this post was afterwards removed to Fort Providence , 40 miles down the Mackenzie river, about It was established about and was included in the Deed of Surrender List It is included in the list.
Was closed about Shown Arrowsmith map , on Arrowsmith No. It was not included in the Company's list of Shown also on Arrowsmith map No. French military fort built by Iberville in March on bay at mouth of Pascagoula river, about 50 miles west of Mobile Bay. It was called Fort Maurepas by Iberville. It was abandoned after the building of Mobile, about Shown on De Lisle's map No. Established before Appears on Arrowsmith map No.
Probably discontinued about Shown on Devine map No. It is named in the North West Co. Probably of short duration and does not appear on lists after Thompson visited the post This fort was probably known as the Lesser Slave Lake fort. A free-trader's fort built in or on the Assiniboine river below Portage la Prairie. Built by Thompson Jan It was the rendez-vous for travel across the mountains by Athabaska pass. It was maintained up to time of building railway. It is shown on Arrowsmith map No. Thompson visited the site of this abandoned post in , where the North West Co. It is shown on Tyrrell's map of Northern Alberta , marked "site of", No.
It was built in and was stockaded. See Oregon Territory. Three miles square around the fort was under cultivation by H. Hostilities between U. It is given in decree Intendant Hocquart The name was probably discontinued after the cession of Canada and Portneuf or Mille Vaches used instead. It was built before Apparently was not operated by Hudson's Bay Co. Shown on White's map of Labrador peninsula No. It was known as one of the King's posts in See Mille Vache and Portneuf.
French fort built before , on right bank of Mississippi river near southern terminus of lake Pepin and near mouth of Chippewa river. Shown on DeLisle's map No. Danville's map No. French fort on a small island dividing Cedar lake from Mud lake, now called Fort Island, at or near mouth Saskatchewan river. It was destroyed before Is included in Bougainville's List and he locates it as being " leagues from St. Charles, at the entrance of lake Ouimpeg". Bourbon is shown on Bellin's map No. It was built about and closed about after the coalition of Operated to time of coalition There were five different trading posts in this locality Shown on Rinfret's map No.
It was burned and rebuilt. This was the chief Hudson's Bay Co. It does not appear on the Company's lists later than and was probably closed about through failure of trade. It is called the "ancient harbour of Brest". Founded Frequented by Bretons Visited by Cartier Appears on a Portugese map of and on Desbien's map No. Was in the original grant to Courtemanche Shown also on Molyneux map No. Fortified post of Hudson's Bay Co. The latter was operated until about Location of both forts shown on Devine map No. Brunswick House was situated on the north bank Missinaibi river near outlet of Opasatika river.
New Brunswick house was nearly miles further upstream. It is shown on Wallace map of early Alberta posts No. A small post not named on the Company lists. Fort George. Built by Mitchell Oman. Abandoned in favour of Island Fort 18 miles farther up the river. Was in Section 19, Tp. English military fort on line between Albany and Oswego.
Destroyed by the French in March Its location is shown on map of French claims No. Shown on White's map No. Built by J. Cadotte for North West Co. Was visited by Thompson Situated opposite present town of Red Lake Falls. When A. Location shown on Thompson map No. French military fort on left bank of Mississippi river near confluence of Missouri river.
It was one of the chain of French forts from Montreal to Gulf of Mexico. Shown on map of French claims No. Louis—also map One of the earliest French trading forts west of Montreal. At the mouth of the Nipigon river, left bank, at entrance to lake Nipigon from lake Superior. It is shown on La Hontan map No. Lake Nipigon is variously named on early maps. The next name given was lake St. Anne, shown on map of French claims No. It is included in Bougainville's list After the cession of Canada the North West Co. Not to be confused with Fort Kaministiquia. See Nipigon House. No record is found of the destruction of the original French fort.
An old French trading and fishing post on the eastern entrance Strait of Belle Isle. Built about , and included in Bougainville's list of The concession was granted by Beauharnois and Hocquart in to Marsal for 9 years and extended for 6 years to In it was regranted to Marsal for 9 years, to , by Duquesne and Bigot. The location is shown on White's map, No.
A small establishment of the Hudson's Bay Co. This was probably one of the early Swan River District forts. It is included in list of Hudson's Bay Co. Bedfont House.
It was the first fort on Reindeer lake. The second fort built was the Hudson's Bay Co. Bedfont House, built Bedfont House was destroyed by the North West Co. About the Hudson's Bay Co. The present South Reindeer Lake House was built some time after the house and is located about 10 miles farther south on Big Island. After the coalition of the Hudson's Bay Co. See Tyrrell's map No. It was established for trade with passing Indians, Nipissings, Algonquins, and Iroquois.
Was in command of M. D'Aillebout de Cuisy and is included in Bougainville List In Tp. IV, West of 3 rd Meridian. It was considered half-way to Edmonton. Built on south side river. It was a substantial fort, surrounded by high palisades with a gallery armed with wall pieces surrounding the whole square and having square towers at each corner. The palisades were still standing in , but it was in ruined condition by It was included in the Company list of During the rebellion of it was raided and apparently was discontinued soon after.
It was principally a provision station supplying bags of pemmican per annum. It was an important transportation centre in the days of the Red River cart. Goods for the north were brought here from Winnipeg and forwarded to Green lake and thence by water route north and west. Sometimes called Carlton House. Built and was the first Hudson's Bay Co. Known as Carlton House and sometimes Fort Assiniboine. It is shown on map of Assiniboia No. In a new fort was built by Hon. Christie of Hudson's Bay Co. The old fort had stood on lower land about yards distant where a low sandy ridge rises 6 feet above the general level of the valley bottom.
Fort Pelly was situated on rising sandy ground on the east side of the river. It was a large well-built fort protected by a high fence or wall of sawn planks. Over the heavy gate in front was a stout bastion from the top of which a magnificent view of surrounding country was seen. Sheltered on north by woods, with the Assiniboine river in front. Boats from 3 to 4 tons burden annually descended the Swan river carrying furs to York Factory, the proximity of which enabled the Company to trade goods among the Indians a month earlier than the North West Co.
A short portage led from Fort Pelly to the Swan river. This fort was operated by the Hudson's Bay Co. Location shown on Johnston map No. Originally built by Capt. George Cartwright in spring of Is not included in Sir George Simpson's list but appears on the list. Built about or earlier. It is shown in Rinfret map No. French military fort on the site of present Kingston, lake Ontario, built by Frontenac at mouth of Cataraqui river and called by him Fort Cataraqui. It was granted to La Salle for a fortified outpost and seigniory.
It was originally a King's post and was erected for defence against the Iroquois and to intercept the Indians from trading with the English at Albany. The fort was dismantled and abandoned by Denonville In Frontenac re-established the fort and garrisoned it with men, rebuilding it of stone with four bastions. Bougainville says that goods were brought from Montreal in canoes for Fort Cataraqui and were then loaded on sailing boats for Niagara.
The second fort built by Frontenac in is generally known as Fort Frontenac. It was captured from the French in by Gen. Bradstreet and destroyed at that time. It is shown on La Hontan's map No. Thomas Fawcett, D. This H.
First Nations History - Ballyhoo
The old French fort was destroyed in , or a little earlier, and the Hudson's Bay Co. Their first post seems to have been built at the mouth of the Saskatchewan river below Grand Rapids and was called Grand Rapids House. In the Company built a fort, known as Cedar Lake House about half a mile below the main Cedar lake on the right, or west bank of the river. This fort is shown on the Johnston map No. It was built to compete with free-traders from the Red river region.
A description of these posts is given in Hind 's Canadian Expedition. French fort at the southwestern extremity of lake Superior, called also Fort La Pointe, or Grand Pointe, from the long projecting point. Settlements were made here by Huron and Ottawa Indians after war with the Iroquois about The first mission was established by Menard and called Mission du Saint Esprit.
The first fort was built by Radisson and Groseilliers on the shore of "Cheguamegon" bay. It was a palisaded fort situated not far from the present town Ashland, Wisconsin. Marquette was in command of this fort in It was probably destroyed by fire within a few years, for in Frontenac sent Sieur La Seneur to La Pointe to build a fort and garrison it. La Gardeur de St. Pierre was in command, followed by Linctot in This fort was built on the south end of Magdalen Madeleine island. Thirty soldiers formed the garrison. It was included in Bougainville's list of as "Pointe de Chagoamigon" under the command of M.
This fort seems to have been destroyed at the conquest of Canada. For a number of years the fur-traders followed the south shore of lake Superior in going west and La Pointe became an important stopping-place. Alexander Henry Sr. In he built a house on the mainland sheltered by Madeleine island. He remarks that "on the island there had been a French trading post, called La Pointe du St. It was not operated by the Hudson's Bay Co. It is shown on Del'Isle's map , on map of French claims No. French military fort, 8 miles southeast of Montreal , on a promontory in river Richelieu.
Built at first of wood with palisades 15 feet high, by Jacques de Chambly, in , an officer in the Carignan regiment. It was designed as a defence against the Iroquois to the south. In it was rebuilt of stone, having been burned by Indians Louis de Chambly. It was situated in the seigniory first granted to Pierre de Chambly It was surrendered to English forces Captured by Americans Retaken by British It stood at foot of large rapid in Richelieu river on left bank. It is now under supervision of National Parks Branch.
It was a small establishment of one house. Was one of the posts for which Hudson's Bay Co. See Oregon Territory Forts. Visited by Harmon It was established owing to difficulties of the long portage. Taken over by the Hudson's Bay Co. Shown on Arrowsmith map [ No. In Captain James wintered here and built a house. In the first depot was built, "a good, large, dry, substantial warehouse". It was constructed on the site of James' house, and was a supply depot for posts on James Bay. In a fort was ordered built. In the establishment was seized by the French and the Company abandoned the island.
In agents of the North West Co. Also called Fort de Chartres. French military fort on left bank Mississippi river, about 25 miles above the mouth of Kaskaskia river. Built , it was the seat of government of the Illinois.
In , it was rebuilt, an irregular quadrangle with four bastions, of stone plastered. Walls were from 2 feet to 3 feet thick and 15 feet high, with loop-holes and port-holes, surrounding several enclosed buildings. It was generally believed to be the best built of the interior French forts. It was the last of the old French forts to be surrendered to the British after the conquest, being surrendered in In the Mississippi river had undermined the west side and the wall fell. This fort together with Cahokia , Kaskaskia and St. It is shown on map of French claims No.
A small Hudson's Bay Co. Was situated on long peninsula extending north into lake. David Thompson mentions the post Originally a North West Co. It was abandoned after a few years on account of Indian troubles. It is shown on Arrowsmith maps No. A French fortified post near the head of the Saguenay river, at the junction of the Saguenay and Chicoutimi rivers. It was one of the earliest of the King's posts , built in or earlier. A Jesuit chapel was erected at the post for the Indians. Later a second chapel was built The post is named in Bougainville's list as "Chueretimi".
Oudiette, lessee of the Domaine du Roy, had built a post at "Chigoutimy" before Chicoutimi was included in the lease of the Traite de Tadoussac It was included in a list of the King's posts An inventory of the goods was taken in Immediately after the cession of Canada, Dunn, Gray and Murray operated this post It was leased, together with other King's posts to the North West Co. It is possible that the great fire of destroyed the post and buildings. It is given in the Company list of and shown on Arrowsmith map No. Goods for the interior were brought here by schooners and boats and thence distributed by canoes.
It was a small outpost shown on Arrowsmith maps No. In Hendry explored the lower Kakosoak and selected a site. In it was abandoned through lack of trade, but was reopened in It is included in the Company list at Deed of Surrender Rupert's Land , and is still in operation. Shown on White's map Labrador No. It was a station for salmon. Called also Pillar Rock. The first fort in this region was built by Peter Pond on Athabaska river about 30 miles above the outlet, on west side. Athabaska river and lake were called Elk river and Lake of the Hills.
Athabaska means "Meeting place of many waters. In this site was abandoned and a new fort the third was erected by the North West Co. The old fort on the south shore continued to be of use for some years, but in it was rapidly decaying and was finally abandoned in The new fort on the north shore was "surrounded by rocks and swamps". It was the most important North West Co. After the coalition of , the Hudson's Bay Co. Macoun described the fort in as follows: "All the buildings are of most substantial character, all shingled and whitewashed, and of imposing appearance.
Two large stores with glass windows, each 63 ins. Eight houses are occupied by employees of the Company. In the rear is the clerk's house, 40 X 30 X 17 ft. Then the general store and the Factor's house". Established Shown on the Company map of posts No. The first fort was built five miles up the river.
Whale fishing was notable at that time. This fort was captured by the French In a second fort was built at mouth of river, made of wood. A third fort, the great fort known as Fort Prince of Wales, was constructed in , on the point at entrance to Churchill Harbour. The walls were 37 to 42 feet thick at base and 6 feet 3 inches at top. The north and south sides of the fort were over yards long.
Walls were of cut stone and it was erected by Scotch masons brought over from Scotland for the purpose. This fort was captured and destroyed by the French under Admiral La Perouse in , and the remains are now a Historic Memorial Site in charge of the Dominion Government. Some of the guns, of which there were forty, are lying on the ground. In an establishment was constructed on the present site, a few miles upstream from the old fort, and on site of the first original fort of It is situated in the midst of a barren rocky region without wood.
Location of these forts shown on map of Churchill Harbour No. On Rocque's map No. It was noted on the and lists of posts. Map Northwestern Ontario No. Lawrence, about long. This post was built before , and abandoned about Shown on White's map Labrador posts No. It appears on lists of and Location of lake on McInnes map No. It was a wooden fort of large size, enclosed with stockades and bastions.
The buildings were made of cedar logs. Cultivated fields surrounded the fort. It was established in , and of the Oregon country forts it was next in importance to Fort Vancouver. See " Oregon Territory ". It is shown on Devine map No. Also on Map State of Washington No. Built by Douglas. It was closed about and appears last on list. Originally built on an island. Sometimes spelt Connelly. Skeena river was called Simpson's river at first. See also map Northern Canada No. It was a simple log house 40 feet long by 14 feet wide. This building was burned.
It was rebuilt by Bell and Richardson The buildings were still in fair condition in No nails were used in the structure, but dove-tailing and wooden pegs. It was situated in a sheltered place protected by a large island. Its location is shown on Arrowsmith No. On right bank at outlet of Dease river. French trading post built on strait of Belle Isle west of Baie Rouge. Built by Constantin who obtained concession 31 March from the King. In Constantin occupied this post and was protected from poachers in The post was not maintained after the cession of Canada.
Marie is now Ste. Probably site of present town Chitina. On American territory. Shown Arrowsmith map No. Ancient French post at the western extremity of Mingan Seigniory, probably established when the seigniory was granted. See Mingan. On the expiration of the lease it was leased to the Hudson's Bay Co. The last reported operations known were in It was not included in Simpson's lease.
French fort on left bank of Ottawa river north side at mouth of Coulonge river, between Grand Calumet and Allumettes islands—stockaded fort erected about or earlier. The family of Louis d'Ailleboust, Sieur de Coulonge, traded with the Indians on the Ottawa river from to and erected several trading posts of which fort Coulonge was one. After the cession of Canada this post was deserted by the French. Harmon was there and mentions the fort. It was soon operated by the North West Co. It appears on the Arrowsmith map No. It was visited by Governor Simpson in when on his famous trip. McLean in his " Twenty five years Service " speaks of being there in Built by Douglas Was one of the posts for which the Hudson's Bay Co.
French fort built by La Salle in on left bank Illinois river about 60 miles from its junction with the Mississippi river.