Refugee and other forced migrations have increased substantially in scale, complexity and diversity in recent decades. These changes challenge traditional approaches in response to refugee and other forced migration situations, and protection of refugees. Demography has an important contribution to make in this analytic space. While other disciplines especially anthropology, law, geography, political science and international relations have made major contributions to refugee and forced migration studies, demography has been less present with most research focusing on issues of refugee mortality and morbidity.
This book specifies the range of topics for which a demographic approach is highly appropriate, and identifies findings of demographic research which can contribute to ever more effective policy making in this important arena of human welfare and international policy. Routledge Handbook of Asian Demography , Routledge, It is also extremely diverse with its populations living in hugely varied natural environments and representing a striking array of demographic characteristics and stages of demographic transition.
This Handbook provides a comprehensive study of population change in Asia and related theoretical issues through systematically examining demographic transitions in the region and their relationships with a wide range of social, economic, political and cultural factors. It comprises 28 chapters written by more. The frequency with which people move home has important implications for national economic performance and the well-being of individuals and families.
Much contemporary theory posits that the world is becoming ever more mobile, yet there is mounting evidence especially from the US to suggest that this may not be true of all types of mobility nor of all geographical contexts. This book examines the long-term trends in internal migration in the Developed World, especially featuring case studies of the USA, UK, Australia, Japan, Sweden, Germany and Italy, and provides a critical assessment of the extent to which global structural forces, as opposed to national context, have been influencing internal migration behaviour since the s.
This special issue focuses on a key-component of migration — highly skilled migrants — by addressing the risks they encounter and the hedging mechanisms they employ when confronted with unfriendly policies or economic downturns in the host country. From a conceptual standpoint, the situation discussed here is that of a group with high human capital highly skilled in a hostile context of reception.
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The discussion is framed around the two risks explored by the contributors to this special issue: a significant economic crisis affecting the host country and institutionalized discrimination. Although the individual papers do not necessarily employ a comparative perspective, these topics are explored in four different settings UK, United States, Israel, and Canada , allowing readers to see how the history and characteristics of the host country influence the issues at hand. To understand population change, it is not sufficient to know what life choices individuals and families make.
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We need to understand how choices are made. Critical choices in life, such as the choice to marry, to have a child, to migrate, to retire or to end the life course, are outcomes of cognitive processes. The processes involve substantial risk and uncertainty. They consist of stages and each stage takes time. Life choices have far-reaching consequences. Multi-stage decision processes under uncertainty, embedded in the human life course, are the subject of this special issue supplement of Population Studies.
To master the complexity of the subject, stochastic process models and microsimulation are used, and Bayesian information processing models that incorporate prior beliefs are suggested. The publication should appeal to demographers, sociologists, economists, cognitive scientists and anyone interested in understanding how critical life choices are made. Model-Based Demography. Late in a career of more than sixty years, Thomas Burch, an internationally known social demographer, undertook a wide-ranging methodological critique of demography.
This volume contains a selection of resulting papers, some previously unpublished, some published but not readily accessible [from past meetings of The International Union for the Scientific Study of Population and its research committees, or from other small conferences and seminars]. Rejecting the idea that demography is simply a branch of applied statistics, his work views it as an autonomous and complete scientific discipline. When viewed from the perspective of modern philosophy of science, specifically the semantic or model-based school, demography is a balanced discipline, with a rich body of techniques and data, but also with more and better theories than generally recognized.
This book shows how demography can build a strong theoretical edifice on its broad and deep empirical foundation by adoption of the model-based approach to science. But the full-fruits of this approach will require demographers to make greater use of computer modeling [both macro- and micro-simulation], in the statement and manipulation of theoretical ideas, as well as for numerical computation. This book examines the promises as well as the challenges the demographic dividend brings to sub-Saharan Africa as fertility rates in the region fall and the labor force grows.
It offers a detailed analysis of what conditions must be met in order for the region to take full economic advantage of ongoing population dynamics. As the book makes clear, the region will need to accelerate reforms to cope with its demographic transition, in particular the decline of fertility.
The continent will need to foster human capital formation through renewed efforts in the areas of education, health and employment. This will entail a true vision and determination on the part of African leaders and their development partners. The book will help readers to gain solid knowledge of the demographic trends and provide insights into socioeconomic policies that eventually might lead sub-Saharan Africa into a successful future.
Since the s there has been a continual engagement with the history and the place of western medicine in colonial settings and non-western societies. In relation to South Asia, research on the role of medicine has focussed primarily on regions under direct British administration. The authors map developments in public health and psychiatry, the emergence of specialised medical institutions, the influence of western medicine on indigenous medical communities and their patients and the interaction between them.
The book also analyses British medical policies and the Indian reactions and initiatives they evoked in different Indian states. It offers new insights into the interplay of local adaptations with global exchanges between different national schools of thought in the formation of what is often vaguely, and all too simply, referred to as 'western' or 'colonial' medicine. It presents the political and social frameworks of ART, and its impact in different countries.
In the context of social pressure to conceive — particularly for women — this collection explores the effect of the development of ARTs, growing globalisation and reproductive medicalization on societies. Furthermore, this book analyses ART inequalities, commonalities, and specificities in various countries, regions and on the transnational scene. From a multidisciplinary perspective and drawing on multisite studies, it highlights some new issues relating to ART e. When addressing the factors shaping HIV prevention programs in sub-Saharan Africa, it is important to consider the role of family planning programs that preceded the epidemic.
In this book, Rachel Sullivan Robinson argues that both globally and locally, those working to prevent HIV borrowed and adapted resources, discourses, and strategies used for family planning. Specifically, historical and existing relationships with outside actors, the nature of nongovernmental organizations, and perceptions of previous interventions strongly structured later health interventions through processes of path dependence and policy feedback. This book will be of great use to scholars and practitioners interested in global health, international development, African studies and political science.
Fifty years had gone by since the CISH XIst World Congress in Stockholm , when historians took the first tentative initiatives to create a wholly new interdisciplinary commission for historical demography, a meeting place for a budding discipline where researchers in letters and science could meet, exchange ideas, cultivate and develop a new field.
This book is the outcome of that decision. Demography, past, present and future is a common concern for all inhabitants of this planet. The variation is great, however, with regard to sources, social and political conditions, state of the art, technological development, national and local initiatives. In the course of half a century many changes take place. Keeping abreast of the gigantic streams of information and innovation in the field is demanding, even more so for a discipline with global dimensions and ambitions.
The book makes fascinating reading, and preparing it has been a rewarding and thought provoking experience. The thirty-seven articles in the book represent as many different stories. Migration internationale africaine , L'Harmattan, Commander l'ouvrage sur le site d' El Colegio de Mexico. To this end, the authors based their study on the perceptions of teenagers as well as the views of institutional agents who work in their neighborhoods about the factors that contribute to perpetuate the transition to maternity in adolescence.
The project was based on a mixed design combining qualitative and quantitative techniques, focusing on two neighborhoods of the capital city with high levels of Unsatisfied Basic Needs. This book presents recent efforts and new approaches to improve our understanding of the evolution of health and mortality in urban environments in the long run, looking at transformation and adaptations during the process of rapid population growth.
In a world characterized by large and rapidly evolving urban environments, the past and present challenges cities face is one of the key topics in our society. Cities are a world of differences and, consequently, of inequalities. At the same time cities remain, above all, the spaces of interactions among a variety of social groups, the places where poor, middle-class, and wealthy people, as well as elites, have coexisted in harmony or tension. Urban areas also form specific epidemiological environments since they are characterized by population concentration and density, and a high variety of social spaces from wealthy neighborhoods to slums.
Inversely and coherently, cities develop answers in terms of sanitary policies and health infrastructures. This balance between risk and protective factors is, however, not at all constant across time and space and is especially endangered in periods of massive demographic growth, particularly periods of urbanization mainly led by immigration flows that transform both the socioeconomic and demographic composition of urban populations and the morphological nature of urban environments.
Therefore this book is an unique contribution in which present day and past socio-demographic and health challenges confronted by big urban environments are combined. Hardcover : ISBN Decades of research on human fertility has presented a clear picture of how fertility varies, including its dramatic decline over the last two centuries in most parts of the world.
Why fertility varies, both between and within populations, is not nearly so well understood. Fertility is a complex phenomenon, partly physiologically and partly behaviourally determined, thus an interdisciplinary approach is required to understand it. Evolutionary demographers have focused on human fertility since the s. The first wave of evolutionary demographic research made major theoretical and empirical advances, investigating variation in fertility primarily in terms of fitness maximization.
Research focused particularly on variation within high-fertility populations and small-scale subsistence societies and also yielded a number of hypotheses for why fitness maximization seems to break down as fertility declines during the demographic transition. A second wave of evolutionary demography research on fertility is now underway, paying much more attention to the cultural and psychological mechanisms underpinning fertility.
It is also engaging with the complex, multi-causal nature of fertility variation, and with understanding fertility in complex modern and transitioning societies. Here, we summarize the history of evolutionary demographic work on human fertility, describe the current state of the field, and suggest future directions. It offers a systematic, comparative approach that will help readers to better understand the changing social and regional recomposition of the population in these regions.
The 22 chapters written by eminent demographers present a detailed investigation and mapping of regional trends in mortality, fertility, migration and urbanization, education, and aging.
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Throughout, the analysis carefully considers how these trends affect economic and social development. Coverage also raises global, theoretical questions about the singular ways in which each of these three countries have achieved their demographic transition. But the evolution of human mobility in China, India, and Indonesia, closely intertwined as it is with changing economic conditions, appears less predictable and ranks high among the major challenges to demographic knowledge in the coming decades.
This book examines the use of agent-based modelling ABM in population studies, from concepts to applications and from best practices to future developments. It features papers written by leading experts in the field that will help readers to better understand the usefulness of ABM for generating projections, how ABM can be injected with empirical data to achieve a better match between model and reality, how geographic information can be fruitfully used in ABM, and how ABM results can be reported correctly and concisely.
The papers show the benefits that ABM offers the field, such as enhanced theory formation by better linking the micro level with the macro level, the ability to represent populations as complex systems, and the possibility to study rare events and to assess the implications of alternative mechanisms. Buy eBook. Buy Hardcover.
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This new book on the changing population of the UK was prepared under the auspices of the BSPS and edited by its immediate past and current Presidents. The new book reviews the changes that have taken place over the past quarter of a century and examines their implications for future trends and policy. It shows that the UK's population is increasing faster than at any point in the last years, it is getting progressively older and it is becoming more diverse culturally and ethnically.
More school leavers are going on to university. Cohabitation has been replacing marriage, more children live in one-parent families and young adults are finding it harder to get on the property ladder. Many women are delaying having children until their 40s. Cities have seen a resurgence in population but there is still pressure on the countryside, while the north-south divide is getting ever wider, as too are local socio-economic disparities. Drawing on the latest research and statistics, the third edition of Population Change in Canada offers a comprehensive, up-to-date survey of Canadian demography from the sixteenth century to the present day.
Beaujot and Kerr's insightful narrative lays the groundwork by outlining key demographic concepts as well as the fundamental population processes - mortality, fertility, and immigration - before moving on to explore in greater depth issues of population growth, distribution, and aging and finally the social, cultural, economic, and political consequences of population change. Accessible and enlightening, Population Change in Canada offers students the foundation they need to fully understand population change and to prepare to meet its challenges both now and in the future.
Nevertheless, one should note that Turkey has only recently faced mass immigration and the number of foreign born has more than doubled in less than five years. Such sudden change in population composition warrants policy adjustments and reviews. Nevertheless, Turkish migration policy is still far from settled as several chapters in this book point out. Despite the exemplary humanitarian engagement in admitting Syrians, Turkey is still at the bottom of the league table of favourable integration policies with an overall score of 25 out of Turkish migration policy is likely to be adjusted further in response to the continuing immigration.
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Purchase paperback ISBN: Purchase hardcover ISBN: This volume details tools and procedures for data collections of hard-to-reach, hard-to-survey populations. Inside, readers will discover first-hand insights from experts who share their successes as well as their failures in their attempts to identify and measure human vulnerabilities across the life course. Coverage first provides an introduction on studying vulnerabilities based on the Total Error Survey framework. Next, the authors present concrete examples on how to survey such populations as the elderly, migrants, widows and widowers, couples facing breast cancer, employees and job seekers, displaced workers, and teenagers during their transition to adulthood.
In addition, one essay discusses the rationale for the use of life history calendars in studying social and psychological vulnerability while another records the difficulty the authors faced when trying to set-up an online social network to collect relevant data. Overall, this book demonstrates the importance to have, from the very beginning, a dialogue between specialists of survey methods and the researchers working on social dynamics across the life span.
It will serve as an indispensable resource for social scientists interested in gathering and analyzing data on vulnerable individuals and populations in order to construct longitudinal data bases and properly target social policies. Acheter le livre couverture souple. In many regards, Australia and Canada are rather different, especially in climate and hemispheres. They also have important similarities, including being very large countries with extensive areas of very low settlement. Both were long inhabited by indigenous populations, which were overtaken during the period of European expansion and colonization.
In terms of demographics, these similarities and differences have especially been examined on the side of immigration.
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In both countries, there was a long period during which governments sought to establish a white European population in a new world, and a similar timeframe in the s when barriers to non-white immigration were removed and immigration became more diversified. Asians are now the largest source of new arrivals in both countries. Given the similarities across the two countries, these comparisons provide insight into the sociodemographic dynamics of each country. Zona et Sharma Kaka, et al. Mullen, M. Purcell et al , Sur le renseignement militaire en Belgique, voir Nathalie Marcus, p.
Voir M. Bourgeoins et M. Benezech, Abrams et Gail Erlick Robinson, Stanciu, p. Levine, p. Dans ce cadre, la victime devient une victime indirecte. Merci de nous soutenir en faisant un don aujourd'hui. Jean-Marie Tremblay, fondateur des Classiques des sciences sociales.
Derniers ajouts. Nous joindre. SUMMARY The study of the doctrines of moral and criminal harassing shows that the legal measures take especially into account certain types of criminal harassing like those concerning marital violences or erotomania. Police locale, Bruxelles. La vie des Classiques des sciences sociales dans Facebook.