The other item is a unique sword pommel. There are are over seventy pommels the decorated end of a swordgrip among the Staffordshire Hoard. Conservation and research teams have identified one that is unique, reconstructing it from 26 fragments. This pommel is Anglo-Saxon in style, but features British or Irish influences; its central garnet with glass inlaid disc forms an early Christian cross, while on its opposite side is a motif formed of three serpents, seemingly representing both Christian and pagan beliefs.
The pommel has a round hump on the shoulder, know as a ' sword-ring ', and displays evidence that there would have been one on each shoulder. Many swords from the Anglo Saxon period in England and Europe display similar rings, but the Hoard pommel is the first to feature two. A touring exhibition led by Staffordshire County Council is visiting schools, galleries, visitor centres, bringing the story of the Staffordshire Hoard and Anglo-Saxon Mercia to a wide audience.
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Providing visitors with the opportunity to view a large number of items from the collection outside the West Midlands where the Hoard was discovered. For further information visit the Staffordshire Hoard website. Labels: Mercia , Staffordshire Hoard. Saturday, 9 July Glastonbury Pilgrimages The first pilgrimage to Glastonbury in modern times was in to celebrate the beatification of The Last Abbot of Glastonbury Richard Whiting, on the anniversary of his martyrdom at Glastonbury Tor on 15 November The Procession will move off following the traditional route down the High Street, through the main Abbey entrance.
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The Pilgrimage Mass will be celebrated by Rt. Declan Lang, Bishop of Clifton, in the Abbey grounds at 3. Sunday, 3 July King Arthur's Sword. The sword then disappeared and was never seen again. By September that year he had sailed down the west coast of Italy and arrived in Messina, Sicily. Following William's death in , Joanne was kept prisoner by the new king of Sicily, Tancred. When her brother Richard I, finally arrived in Italy on his way to the Holy Land he demanded her return, along with her dowry.
Richard parted with his sword, said to have once belonged to the Great Arthur, as part of the exchange of gifts with Tancred. Yet, is it conceivable that the Lionheart would actually depart with the genuine sword of the legendary King? The date of the exhumation at Glastonbury and Richard's arrival at Messina with Caliburn at first glance certainly looks remarkably concurrent.
However, Tancred may have been easily duped as the island of Sicily held a special place in the Arthurian legend. The Arthurian Romance Flouriant et Florete c. The Majorcan poet describes Morgan's palace which houses paintings of Arthurian characters. A young man in her company turns out to be Arthur healed of his wounds. King Henry was apparently told of the location of the grave by a Welsh bard, probably at Cilgerran Castle in Pembrokeshire, south-west Wales, where he stopped whilst on his way to Ireland in On his return he is said to have initiated a search at the Abbey and the grave was duly discovered, or so the story goes, but the chronology just doesn't fit.
Henry stayed in Ireland only six months, returning to England in , and was called away by the rebellion of three of his sons and his wife Eleanor of Aquitaine in — Henry II died yet the monks of Glastonbury did not dig for King Arthur's body until or If the account that Henry was told told of Arthur's grave at Glastonbury on his way to Ireland in is correct why then did it take the monks twenty years before they dug for King Arthur's remains? There are several versions of the discovery of the grave, including Ralph of Coggeshall in , Adam of Damerham s, each offering slightly different details; there are at least five different versions of the inscription on the leaden burial cross found in the grave.
Yet, differ as they may, not one of these accounts mentions the discovery of a sword, indeed the only metallic object found in the grave was the inscribed leaden burial cross , now lost. Clearly, we must look elsewhere for the source of King Richard's famous sword. The account contained in Malory's Le Morte Darthur, c. But the sword that the young Arthur pulled from the stone is not the famous Excalibur , the sword attributed with magical powers; according to Malory, this first sword that Arthur pulled from the stone is broken when Arthur fought King Pellinor.
Merlin then leads Arthur to the Lady of the Lake to receive Excalibur. But he is told that the scabbard is more valuable than the sword as the wearer will never shed blood. However, Morgan le Fay throws the scabbard into the lake. The sword's name Caliburn is perhaps from the Latin ' chalybs ' meaning ' steel '. On his second and last mention of Avalon in his Historia Geoffrey merely states that when mortally wounded Arthur was taken there.
On both occasions he clearly means an Otherworldly location. Contrary to popular belief Geoffrey does not equate Avalon with Glastonbury; he in fact makes no effort to identify its location. Caledfwlch is a compound word constructed from the elements ' caled ' which can have the adjective meaning ' hard' or the noun ' battle '. The second element ' bwlch ' means ' breach, gap, notch ', and may mean ' hard-notch ' or ' battle-notch '.
Caledfwlch is an Otherworldy weapon and cognate with the Irish sword Caladbolg. The name of the sword has the same meaning; ' hard gap'. Arthur dons his golden helmet with dragon crest, a leather jerkin lorica , across his shoulder he carries his circular shield Pridwen , on which an icon of the Virgin Mary is painted Prydwen was actually the name of Arthur's ship.
His sword is named as Caliburn and his sword as Ron. Unlike later writers of Arthurian Romance who describe Arthur and the knights of The Round Table clad in suites of armour of the 12th to 14th centuries, the war-gear for the time of writing, Geoffrey has Arthur attired in armoury similar to that found in the 7th century ship burial at Sutton Hoo.
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In writing the first account of the Arthurian legend in Middle English Layamon concurs that Arthur's sword Caliburn was forged on the Isle of Avalon, but adds that his corslet was the work of Wygar, an elfish smith, and his spear the work of the smith Griffin and made in Kairmerdin Merlin's city. Legendary Swords The most treasured weapon of warriors in Northwestern Europe was the sword.
Anglo Saxon swords are often found constructed by pattern-welding, the craft of twisting several rods of red-hot steel together before forging into a flat weapon by the smith. This technique would result in not just a stronger blade but also intricate patterning described as ' dragon-skins ' or ' twisting snakes '. To enhance the appearance and value of a sword it often had its hilt and scabbard decorated with silver, gold and garnets by outstanding craftsmanship as attested by the Staffordshire Hoard.
Legendary smiths, such as Wayland, are well known for manufacturing magical weapons exclusively for the Legendary Hero and certainly not unique to King Arthur. A sword identified with Charlemagne's Joyeuse was used in the Coronation ceremony of French kings from to Legend claims the blade of Joyeuse was smithed from the same materials as Roland's Durendal and Ogier's Curtana. Durendal was the sword of Charlemagne's paladin Roland forged by Wayland the Smith, the legendary Norse blacksmith. Charlemagne used Joyeuse to knight Ogier the Dane.
Ogier was a legendary character from the Old French ' chanson de geste ' who became popular in European literature, as discussed above with his connections to Sicily. Ogier is said to have inherited the sword from the Arthurian knight Tristan. The Plantagent kings carried the swords of legendary heroes in the belief that the power of its original possessor was transferable by means of their weapon.
According to legend, Tristan used this sword to kill the giant Morholt, the champion of Ireland, its length becoming shortened when part of the blade was embedded in the giant's skull when he hacked off his head. The Romance of Tristan and Iseult records how Tristan was injured in the fight with the giant and his wounds were nursed by Iseult. She saw his broken sword and realised he had killed Morholt. Swords of the Coronation Henry III of England possessed a coronation sword which was also named Curtana and said to have been Tristan's sword, which no doubt, he inherited from his father King John.
The sword Curtana is first documented as one of the three swords employed in the coronation of Henry's wife Queen Eleanor of Provence in The coronation tradition involving three swords dates back at least to Richard I.
Later sources on the coronation of modern kings of England tell us that the sword featured a notch. As we saw above the name of Arthur's original sword Caledfwlch can mean ' hard notch'. This notch appears to be significant in the swords used in the coronation of kings. Today Curtana is a ceremonial sword used at the coronation of British kings and queens, which, along with the Sword of Spiritual Justice and the Sword of Temporal Justice , is catalogued as part of the Crown Jewels of the United Kingdom.
The official version says the Sword of Mercy is so named as its end is blunt and squared. However, it appears this sword has its origins in Arthurian legend as the sword Curtana carried by Tristan, and later Ogier the Dane, with its end shortened because its tip lies embedded in the skull of the giant Morholt.
Norris J Lacey ed. Lewis Thorpe, trans. Labels: Excalibur , The Sword in the Stone.
Sworn Loyalty - A Medieval Romance
Newer Posts Older Posts Home. Subscribe to: Posts Atom. Arthur draws the sword from the stone. The Branstock. Sigurd splits the anvil. Sarmatian heavy cavalry. Page 1 of 1 Start over Page 1 of 1. Lisa Shea. Not Enabled. Share your thoughts with other customers. Write a customer review. Showing of 2 reviews. Top Reviews Most recent Top Reviews. There was a problem filtering reviews right now. Please try again later.
Format: Kindle Edition Verified Purchase. This by far is the weakness of Lisa's book in this sires. It had suspense but no danger. There was a lot of talk of love but no showing of love. Alicia never really kissed her man until the very last chapter of the book.
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The book was very slow, no action. Alicia could use Andetnes but never did. I really loved the first books in this sires. They had everything. This one feel short. Format: Kindle Edition. The love story of Alicia and Dylan. A medieval spy story. Dylan has been declare dead and Alicia cannot except it.
She go to live with her uncle in Canterbury. There she see a man who look just like Dylan but he say he is Martinus. Martinus is in service of the king. Will Alicia find love with Martinus or will she forever miss Dylan. See both reviews. Amazon Giveaway allows you to run promotional giveaways in order to create buzz, reward your audience, and attract new followers and customers. Learn more about Amazon Giveaway. Set up a giveaway. What other items do customers buy after viewing this item?
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