Much of the city's medieval architecture remains intact and is remarkably well preserved and restored. Its centre is a carfree area. Highlights are the Saint Bavo Cathedral with the Ghent Altarpiece , the belfry , the Gravensteen castle , and the splendid architecture along the old Graslei harbour. Ghent has established a blend between comfort of living and history; it is not a city-museum. In the 19th century Ghent's most famous architect, Louis Roelandt , built the university hall Aula, the opera house and the main courthouse.
There are also a few theatres from diverse periods. The Zebrastraat , a social experiment in which an entirely renovated site unites living, economy and culture, can also be found in Ghent. Campo Santo is a famous Catholic burial site of the nobility and artists. The Huis van Alijn House of the Alijn family was originally a beguinage and is now a museum for folk art where theatre and puppet shows for children are presented. The Ghent City Museum Stadsmuseum, abbreviated STAM , is committed to recording and explaining the city's past and its inhabitants, and to preserving the present for future generations.
In Ghent and other regions of East-Flanders , bakeries sell a donut-shaped bun called a "mastel" plural "mastellen" , which is basically a bagel. Traditionally, it was thought that blessed mastellen immunized against rabies. Other local delicacies are the praline chocolates from local producers such as Leonidas , the cuberdons or 'neuzekes' 'noses' , cone-shaped purple jelly-filled candies, 'babelutten' 'babblers' , hard butterscotch-like candy, and of course, on the more fiery side, the famous 'Tierenteyn', a hot but refined mustard that has some affinity to French 'Dijon' mustard.
Stoverij is a classic Flemish meat stew, preferably made with a generous addition of brown 'Trappist' strong abbey beer and served with French fries. It is usually served nouvelle-cuisine-style, and will be supplemented by a large pot on the side. The city promotes a meat-free day on Thursdays called Donderdag Veggiedag   with vegetarian food being promoted in public canteens for civil servants and elected councillors, in all city funded schools, and promotion of vegetarian eating options in town through the distribution of "veggie street maps". This campaign is linked to the recognition of the detrimental environmental effects of meat production , which the United Nations ' Food and Agriculture Organization has established to represent nearly one-fifth of global greenhouse gas emissions.
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Ghent has the world's largest number of vegetarian restaurants per capita. The traditional confectionery is the cuberdon also known as neuzekes or little noses. These are conical sweets with a soft centre, usually raspberry but other flavours can be found on the many street stalls around the city. Between and a feud between two local vendors made international news.
The Festival of Flanders had its 50th celebration in Some 50 concerts take place in diverse locations throughout the medieval inner city and some international artists perform. The numerous parks in the city can also be considered tourist attractions. Most notably, Ghent boasts a nature reserve Bourgoyen-Ossemeersen , hectare  and a recreation park Blaarmeersen, 87 hectares.
The port of Ghent , in the north of the city, is the third largest port of Belgium.
The Ghent University and a number of research oriented companies, such as Ablynx, Innogenetics, Cropdesign and Bayer Cropscience, are situated in the central and southern part of the city. As the largest city in East Flanders, Ghent has many hospitals, schools and shopping streets.
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Flanders Expo , the biggest event hall in Flanders and the second biggest in Belgium, is also located in Ghent. Tourism is becoming a major employer in the local area. The municipality of Ghent comprises five railway stations :. Ghent has an extensive network of public transport lines, operated by De Lijn. Apart from the city buses mentioned above, Ghent also has numerous regional bus lines connecting it to towns and villages across the province of East Flanders.
The Old Gent
All of these buses stop in at least one of the city's regional bus hubs at either Sint-Pieters Station, Dampoort Station, Zuid or Rabot. International buses connecting Ghent to other European destinations are usually found at the Dampoort Station. A couple of private bus companies such as Eurolines, Megabus and Flixbus operate from the Dampoort bus hub. In the Belgian first football division Ghent is represented by K. Gent , who became Belgian football champions for the first time in its history in A football match at the Summer Olympics was held in Ghent.
The Six Days of Ghent , a six-day track cycling race , is held annually, taking place in the Kuipke velodrome in Ghent. In road cycling, the city hosts the start and finish of the Omloop Het Nieuwsblad , the traditional opening race of the cobbled classics season.
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Two-time Olympic champion Hicham El Guerrouj set a still-standing world record of Ghent is twinned with: . From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Municipality in Flemish Community, Belgium. This article is about the Belgian city.
For other uses, see Ghent disambiguation. Not to be confused with Genk. Coat of arms. Location in Belgium Ghent in the province of East Flanders. See also: Timeline of Ghent. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Main article: Trams in Ghent. See also: List of people from Ghent. See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Belgium.
Retrieved 9 March Retrieved on The metropolitan area of Ghent is divided into three levels. First, the central agglomeration agglomeratie with , inhabitants 1 January Adding the closest surroundings banlieue gives a total of , And, including the outer commuter zone forensenwoonzone the population is , Archived from the original on 18 August Retrieved 5 May Retrieved 18 May Royal Meteorological Institute.
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