Manual Max Planck : Founder of Quantum Mechanics (A Short Biography for Children)

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We'll send you an email containing your password. Your password has been sent to:. Please create a username to comment. I'm doing a report on this and it was really helpful But Einstein was never actually alive, was he? I am sorry but I think he was a fake guy: :! You have a good point both of you but in quantum theory there is a universe for both. Correction Ender Albert Einstein. Check yourself before talking about others.

And AnonymousUser: yes, Einstein is real.. Google him.

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He's real, alright. The guy who thinks Einstein wasn't real is hilarious. Was he the Robin Hood of the science world? Quantum mechanics QM -- also known as quantum physics, or quantum theory is a branch of physics which deals with physical phenomena at nanoscopic scales where the action is on the order of the Planck constant.

It departs from classical mechanics primarily at the quantum realm of atomic and subatomic length scales. Quantum mechanics provides a mathematical description of much of the dual particle-like and wave-like behavior and interactions of energy and matter. Quantum mechanics provides a substantially useful framework for many features of the modern periodic table of elements including the behavior of atoms during chemical bonding and has played a significant role in the development of many modern technologies. In advanced topics of quantum mechanics, some of these behaviors are macroscopic see macroscopic quantum phenomena and emerge at only extreme i.

For example, the angular momentum of an electron bound to an atom or molecule is quantized. In contrast, the angular momentum of an unbound electron is not quantized.

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In the context of quantum mechanics, the wave--particle duality of energy and matter and the uncertainty principle provide a unified view of the behavior of photons, electrons, and other atomic-scale objects. The mathematical formulations of quantum mechanics are abstract. A mathematical function, the wavefunction, provides information about the probability amplitude of position, momentum, and other physical properties of a particle. Mathematical manipulations of the wavefunction usually involve bra--ket notation which requires an understanding of complex numbers and linear functionals.

The wavefunction formulation treats the particle as a quantum harmonic oscillator, and the mathematics is akin to that describing acoustic resonance. Many of the results of quantum mechanics are not easily visualized in terms of classical mechanics. For instance, in a quantum mechanical model the lowest energy state of a system, the ground state, is non-zero as opposed to a more "traditional" ground state with zero kinetic energy all particles at rest. Instead of a traditional static, unchanging zero energy state, quantum mechanics allows for far more dynamic, chaotic possibilities, according to John Wheeler.

The earliest versions of quantum mechanics were formulated in the first decade of the 20th century. About this time, the atomic theory and the corpuscular theory of light as updated by Einstein [1] first came to be widely accepted as scientific fact; these latter theories can be viewed as quantum theories of matter and electromagnetic radiation, respectively. Moreover, the Copenhagen interpretation of Niels Bohr became widely accepted. On March 30, , Einstein released a revised unified field theory. The only person present at his deathbed, a hospital nurse, said that just before his death he mumbled several words in German that she did not understand.

He was cremated without ceremony on the same day he died at Trenton, New Jersey in accordance with his wishes. His ashes were scattered at an undisclosed location. His brain was preserved in a jar by Dr. Thomas Stoltz Harvey, the pathologist who performed the autopsy on Einstein. The inferior parietal region is responsible for mathematical thought, visuospatial cognition, and imagery of movement. Physical objects are not in space, but these objects are spatially extended. In this way the concept 'empty space' loses its meaning. The particle can only appear as a limited region in space in which the field strength or the energy density are particularly high.

The free, unhampered exchange of ideas and scientific conclusions is necessary for the sound development of science, as it is in all spheres of cultural life. We must not conceal from ourselves that no improvement in the present depressing situation is possible without a severe struggle; for the handful of those who are really determined to do something is minute in comparison with the mass of the lukewarm and the misguided. Humanity is going to need a substantially new way of thinking if it is to survive! We can now deduce the most simple science theory of reality - the wave structure of matter in space.

By understanding how we and everything around us are interconnected in Space we can then deduce solutions to the fundamental problems of human knowledge in physics , philosophy , metaphysics , theology , education , health , evolution and ecology , politics and society. This is the profound new way of thinking that Einstein realised , that we exist as spatially extended structures of the universe - the discrete and separate body an illusion. This simply confirms the intuitions of the ancient philosophers and mystics.

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We have a wonderful collection of knowledge from the greatest minds in human history, so people will appreciate your contributions. In doing this you will help a new generation of scientists see that there is a simple sensible explanation of physical reality - the source of truth and wisdom, the only cure for the madness of man! Geoff Haselhurst Updated September, A new scientific truth does not triumph by convincing its opponents and making them see the light, but rather because its opponents eventually die, and a new generation grows up that is familiar with it.

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Albert Einstein's Theory of General Relativity. Solution to Problems Relativity Theory. Einstein Cosmology Finite Universe. Quantum Theory 'Photon' Light Quanta. Einstein on Theology God, Religion, Morality. Metaphysics of Space, Dynamic Unity of Reality. To achieve his goal, Planck found that he had to relinquish one of his own most cherished beliefs, that the second law of thermodynamics was an absolute law of nature.

He adduced additional evidence for the importance of his formula by using it to evaluate the constant h his value was 6.

  • Fishing for Pyramids!
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  • Max Planck Born.

A profound revolution in physical theory was in the making. He was driven to introduce it strictly by the force of his logic; he was, as one historian put it, a reluctant revolutionary. In Einstein introduced the wave-particle duality into physics. In October Planck and Einstein were among the group of prominent physicists who attended the first Solvay conference in Brussels. In Niels Bohr also contributed greatly to its establishment through his quantum theory of the hydrogen atom.

Ironically, Planck himself was one of the last to struggle for a return to classical theory, a stance he later regarded not with regret but as a means by which he had thoroughly convinced himself of the necessity of the quantum theory. Planck was 42 years old in when he made the famous discovery that in won him the Nobel Prize for Physics and that brought him many other honours. It is not surprising that he subsequently made no discoveries of comparable importance. Nevertheless, he continued to contribute at a high level to various branches of optics , thermodynamics and statistical mechanics , physical chemistry , and other fields.

For a time, therefore, Berlin shone brilliantly as a centre of theoretical physics—until darkness enveloped it in January with the ascent of Adolf Hitler to power. In his later years, Planck devoted more and more of his writings to philosophical, aesthetic , and religious questions. The physical universe , Planck argued, is an objective entity existing independently of man; the observer and the observed are not intimately coupled, as Bohr and his school would have it. Planck became permanent secretary of the mathematics and physics sections of the Prussian Academy of Sciences in and held that position until ; he was also president of the Kaiser Wilhelm Society now the Max Planck Society from to These offices and others placed Planck in a position of great authority, especially among German physicists; seldom were his decisions or advice questioned.

His authority, however, stemmed fundamentally not from the official appointments he held but from his personal moral force.

His fairness, integrity , and wisdom were beyond question. Planck was a man of indomitable will. Had he been less stoic , and had he had less philosophical and religious conviction , he could scarcely have withstood the tragedies that entered his life after age In , his first wife, Marie Merck, the daughter of a Munich banker, died after 22 years of happy marriage, leaving Planck with two sons and twin daughters. The elder son, Karl, was killed in action in The following year, Margarete, one of his daughters, died in childbirth, and in the same fate befell Emma, his other daughter.

World War II brought further tragedy. There, in , in his 89th year, he died.

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